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"Es alto" is a phrase which is often translated as "he's tall", and "bajo" is an adjective which is often translated as "short". Learn more about the difference between "es alto" and "bajo" below.
es alto(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (third person singular)
a. he's tall
Es alto y guapo, y también inteligente y simpático.He's tall and handsome, and also intelligent and funny.
b. it's tall
Es alto y moderno, y está ubicado en el centro de la ciudad.It's tall and modern, and it's located in the city center.
c. is tall
El Sr. Pérez es alto y muy gordo.Mr. Perez is tall and very fat.
d. it's high
Es alto en azúcar, no deberías comerlo tan seguido.It's high in sugar, you shouldn't eat it so often
e. is high
El volcán es alto e imponente, pero está inactivo.The volcano is high and impressive, but it's dormant.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(second person singular)
a. you're tall
Es usted más alto de lo que imaginé.You're taller than I imagined.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (not tall)
a. short (person)
Es un poco bajo para su edad.He is a bit short for his age.
b. low (object)
Esta mesa es demasiado baja para trabajar bien.This table is too low to work comfortably.
2. (reduced)
a. low
Estamos probando una dieta de comida baja en calorías.We are trying out a low-calorie diet.
3. (inferior)
a. low
No quiero comprar nada que sea de baja calidad.I don't want to buy anything that is low quality.
4. (position)
a. ground
El departamento de papelería está en la planta baja.The stationery department is on the ground floor.
5. (phase)
a. late
La reforma protestante llegó a su climax en la baja Edad Media.The Protestant Reformation reached its climax in the late Middle Ages.
6. (sound)
a. faint
Oí un ruido bajo que venía del sótano.I heard a faint noise coming from the cellar.
7. (territory)
a. low
El nombre de Holanda, o los Países Bajos, en inglés literalmente significa "país bajo".The Netherlands, or the Low Countries, in English literally means "low country."
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
8. (music)
a. bass
Mi hermano toca el bajo en una banda.My brother plays bass in a band.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
9. (underneath)
a. under
Lleva el sombrero bajo el brazo.He carries his hat under his arm.
10. (in the control of)
a. under
Bajo Castro, todas las salidas estaban bajo vigilancia.Under Castro, all exits were under surveillance.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
11. (in flight)
a. low
Mira qué bajo están volando los pájaros.Look at how low the birds are flying.
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