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Quick answer
"Eres" is a form of "ser", a copular verb which is often translated as "to be". "Está" is a phrase which is often translated as "he's". Learn more about the difference between "eres" and "está" below.
A copular verb links the subject of a clause to the predicate (e.g. My brother is tall).
1. (used to talk about characteristics)
a. to be
Sus ojos son azules.Her eyes are blue.
Mi abuelo es profesor.My grandpa is a teacher.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (used to indicate origin)
a. to be
Soy de Nueva York.I'm from New York.
3. (to serve as)
a. to be
El lápiz es para escribir, no para lanzar.Pencils are for writing, not for throwing.
4. (used to talk about prices)
a. to be
¿Cuánto quiere por este cuadro? - Son diez dólares.How much do you want for this picture? - It's ten dollars.
5. (to be composed of)
a. to be made of
El casillero antiguo de mi abuela es de roble.My grandma's antique dresser is made of oak.
6. (used to indicate possession)
a. to be
Este reloj es de mi madre.This watch is my mother's.
7. (to take place)
a. to be
La fiesta será en mi casa.The party will be at my place.
8. (to be associated with; used with "de")
a. to root for
Yo soy del mejor equipo del mundo: FC Barcelona.I root for the best team in the world: FC Barcelona.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
9. (used to express time)
a. to be
Son las siete de la mañana.It is seven in the morning.
Era de noche cuando llegaron.It was night when they arrived.
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
10. (with the passive voice)
a. to be
El edificio fue diseñado por un equipo de arquitectos.The building was built by a team of architects.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
11. (entity)
a. being
Hay un ser vivo en el lago, pero no sé qué es.There's a living being in the lake, but I don't know what it is.
12. (human)
a. person
Su papá es un ser muy agradable.Her dad is a very nice person.
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A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (used to express location; third person singular)
a. he's (masculine)
¿Dónde está Joaquín? - Está en el baño.Where's Joaquin? - He's in the bathroom.
b. she's (feminine)
Mi mamá no está en casa. Está en el centro comercial.My mom is not home. She's at the mall.
c. it's
¿Dónde está la aspiradora? - Está en mi habitación.Where's the vacuum cleaner? - It's in my room.
d. is
La Puerta de Brandenburgo está en Berlín.The Brandenburg Gate is in Berlin.
2. (used to express a quality; third person singular)
a. he's (masculine)
Francisco no vino a clases porque está enfermo.Francisco didn't come to school because he's sick.
b. she's (feminine)
Conozco a esa mujer. Está casada con un amigo.I know that woman. She's married to a friend of mine.
c. it's
No puedes abrir la lavadora cuando está lavando.You can't open the washer when it's running.
d. is
Mi celular está roto. Tengo que llevarlo a arreglar.My cellphone is broken. I need to get it fixed.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(used to express location; second person singular)
a. you're
Si está cerca, puedo recogerlo con mi coche.If you're close, I can pick you up.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(used to express a quality;second person singular)
a. you're
Si está con hambre, podemos ir a cenar ahora.If you're hungry, we can go have dinner now.
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