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Quick answer
"Equivocarse" is a pronominal verb which is often translated as "to make a mistake", and "perderse" is a reflexive verb which is often translated as "to get lost". Learn more about the difference between "equivocarse" and "perderse" below.
equivocarse(
eh
-
kee
-
boh
-
kahr
-
seh
)
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
1. (to make an error; often used with "con")
a. to make a mistake
Apaga la música; no quiero equivocarme.Can you turn the music off? I don't want to make a mistake.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
La empresa reconoce que se equivocó con su respuesta.The company recognizes that it got its response wrong.
El gobierno se equivocó con esta medida.The government got it wrong with this policy.
2. (to be in error; often used with "con")
a. to be wrong
No me equivoqué con él; es un hombre muy amable y sincero.I wasn't wrong about him; he's a very kind, sincere man.
b. to be mistaken
Creo que te equivocas; mi hija nunca haría tal cosa.You must be mistaken; my daughter would never do such a thing.
3. (to confuse; used with "de")
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Mi madre se equivocó de tren y, por consiguiente, no lllegó aquí hasta la una de la madrugada.My mother got on the wrong train and, as a result, didn't get here till one in the morning.
Te equivocaste de mes. El cumpleaños de Fernando es el dos de julio y no el dos de junio.You got the month wrong. Fernando's birthday is the second of July not the second of June.
equivocar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to mix up)
a. to get wrong
Perdón, equivoqué la dirección de email.Sorry, I got the email address wrong.
5. (to cause to make an error)
a. to make ... go wrong
Cállate un momento. Estos cálculos son complicados y me vas a equivocar.Can you be quiet for a moment? These calculations are complicated, and you're going to make me go wrong.
b. to make ... make a mistake
Me fié de esta app y me equivocó.I trusted this app, but it made me make a mistake.
6. (to make a poor choice of)
a. to choose the wrong
Creo que equivoqué la carrera; mi hermano gana mucho más que yo.I think I chose the wrong career; my brother earns much more than I do.
b. to pick the wrong
Me parece que equivoqué la especialidad, y ahora voy a tener problemas para conseguir trabajo.It looks like I picked the wrong major, and now it will be difficult to get a job.
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perderse(
pehr
-
dehr
-
seh
)
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
1. (to fail to find the way)
a. to get lost
Mi perro se perdió en el bosque.My dog got lost in the woods.
2. (to not understand)
a. to be lost
No presté atención y ahora me perdí.I didn't pay attention and now I'm lost.
perder
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to misplace)
a. to lose
¿Cuántas veces has perdido tu celular?How many times have you lost your cellphone?
4. (to be defeated)
a. to lose
Si perdemos otro partido, no nos clasificaremos para la final.If we lose another match, we will not qualify for the finals.
5. (to throw away)
a. to miss
Perdiste la oportunidad de conseguir una entrada gratis.You missed the chance to get a free ticket.
b. to waste
Le hiciste perder demasiado tiempo.You made him waste so much time.
6. (not to catch)
a. to miss
El atasco me hizo perder el vuelo.The traffic jam made me miss my flight.
7. (to reduce)
a. to lose
Va perdiendo peso poco a poco.He's steadily losing weight.
8. (to lose to death or destruction)
a. to lose
Perdimos mucho por la guerra.We lost so much in the war.
9. (to leak)
a. to lose
Mi calentador sigue perdiendo agua.My boiler keeps losing water.
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