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Quick answer
"Enviar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to send", and "esta carta" is a phrase which is often translated as "this letter". Learn more about the difference between "enviar" and "esta carta" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (general)
a. to send
Mis amigos me enviaron fotos de la fiesta.My friends sent me photos of the party.
Mi mamá envió a mi hermano a que fuera de compras.My mom sent my brother shopping.
b. to mail
Yo le envié a mi novio tres cartas por semana.I mailed my boyfriend three letters a week.
c. to ship
El paquete que me enviaron aún no llegó.The package they shipped me still hasn't arrived.
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esta carta(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (this text)
a. this letter
Esta carta me la escribió tu papá cuando éramos novios.Your dad wrote me this letter when he was my boyfriend.
2. (this list of dishes)
a. this menu
Los precios en esta carta no incluyen la propina.The prices on this menu don't include the tip.
3. (card games)
a. this card
Con esta carta voy a ganar la partida.With this card, I'll win the game.
4. (this document)
a. this charter
Esta carta contiene los derechos y obligaciones de todos los ciudadanos.This charter contains the rights and obligations of every citizen.
5. (cartography)
a. this map (land)
Esta carta te ayudará a estudiar para el examen de geografía.This map will help you study for the geography exam.
b. this chart (sea)
Esta carta náutica guiará a los marineros a través del océano.This nautical chart will guide the sailors through the ocean.
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