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Quick answer
"Entrenar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to train", and "jugar" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to play". Learn more about the difference between "entrenar" and "jugar" below.
entrenar(
ehn
-
treh
-
nahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to teach through practice)
a. to train
Hace cinco años que entreno perros.I've been training dogs for the past five years.
b. to coach
Los dueños contrataron a Severino para entrenar al equipo.The owners hired Severino to coach the team.
2. (to learn by repetition)
a. to practice
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Para entrenar un golpe, hay que empezar a una velocidad baja.To practice a shot, you need to start at a low speed.
b. to practise (United Kingdom)
Dedicamos la mitad de la clase a entrenar movimientos específicos de piernas.We devoted half of the class to practising specific leg moves.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to practice)
a. to train
Los soldados tienen que entrenar todas las mañanas.Soldiers have to train every morning.
entrenarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
4. (to practice)
a. to train
Me entreno duro para ser el mejor corredor.I train hard to be the best runner.
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jugar(
hoo
-
gahr
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to engage in recreation)
a. to play
Los alumnos pasaron toda la tarde jugando.The students spent the whole afternoon playing.
2. (to participate in a game)
a. to play
¿Alguien quiere jugar al tenis conmigo?Does anybody want to play tennis with me?
Me gusta jugar al bingo por el dinero.I love playing Bingo for money.
3. (to trifle with; used with "con")
a. to play with
No juegues con mi corazón.Don't play with my heart.
4. (games)
a. to move
Le toca jugar a la ficha amarilla.The yellow piece has to move.
5. (to play for money)
a. to gamble
Se pierde todo el sueldo jugando en la tragaperras.He loses his whole salary gambling on slot machines.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
6. (to gamble)
a. to bet
Fue un error jugar todo mi dinero en un solo caballo.It was a mistake to bet all my money on one horse.
jugarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
7. (to put at stake)
a. to bet
Me juego una cena a que volverás.I bet you a dinner that you'll be back.
b. to stake
Me estoy jugando mi carrera por esa creencia.I'm staking my career on that belief.
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