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Quick answer
"Entender" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to understand", and "mirar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to look at". Learn more about the difference between "entender" and "mirar" below.
entender(
ehn
-
tehn
-
dehr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to comprehend)
a. to understand
Nadie entendió su explicación.Nobody understood his explanation.
2. (to be empathetic to)
a. to understand
Mi hija entiende a los perros mejor que cualquier otra persona en casa.My daughter understands dogs better than anyone else at home.
3. (to have knowledge of)
a. to understand
Como hablo español, puedo entender el portugués escrito.Since I speak Spanish, I can understand written Portuguese.
4. (to find reasonable)
a. to understand
No entiendo tu enfado, solo dije que no quería salir esta noche.I don't understand why you're annoyed. I only said that I didn't want to go out tonight.
5. (to trust)
a. to believe
Entiéndeme cuando te digo que no quise herir tus sentimientos.Believe me when I tell you I didn't mean to hurt your feelings.
6.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to be of the opinion that)
a. to think
Entiendo que es mejor irnos por la mañana para evitar tráfico.I think that it's better if we leave in the morning to avoid traffic.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (to be empathetic to; used with "de")
a. to know about
No entiendo nada de vinos.I know nothing about wine.
b. to understand about
Mi hermana entiende más de ingeniería que yo.My sister understands more about engineering than I do.
8. (legal; used with "en")
a. to hear
El juez Rodríguez entendió en el caso del infame asesino en serie.Judge Rodríguez heard the case of the infamous serial killer.
entenderse
A reciprocal verb is a verb that indicates that two or more subjects perform an action on each other (e.g. Ellos se abrazan.).
9. (to communicate well)
a. to understand each other
Mis padres se entienden mejor que cualquier otra pareja.My parents understand each other better than any other couple.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
10. (to be friends; used with "con")
a. to get along with
No me entiendo con mis padres.I don't get along with my parents.
11. (to cheat on someone; used with "con")
a. to have an affair with
Dicen que se entendía con el jardinero.They say she was having an affair with the gardener.
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mirar(
mee
-
rahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to direct one's gaze at)
a. to look at
Hay un hombre mirándote.There is a man looking at you.
b. to watch (implies greater attention or time)
¡Deja de mirarme todo el tiempo! No estoy haciendo nada malo.Stop watching me all the time! I'm not doing anything wrong.
2. (to pay attention to)
a. to be careful about
Mira mucho lo que come.She's very careful about what she eats.
b. to make sure
Mira que tengas todo el dinero en la cartera.Make sure you have all the money in your wallet.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to see)
a. to look
¡Mira, una estrella fugaz!Look, a shooting star!
El ladrón miró hacia atrás a ver si lo perseguían.The thief looked back to see if he was being followed.
4. (to be oriented)
a. to face
Mi habitación mira a la calle.My room faces the street.
mirarse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
5. (to observe oneself)
a. to look at oneself
Narciso se miraba en el agua.Narcissus looked at himself in the water.
A reciprocal verb is a verb that indicates that two or more subjects perform an action on each other (e.g. Ellos se abrazan.).
6. (to observe one another)
a. to look at each other
Los enamorados se miraron y declararon su amor.The lovers looked at each other and declared their love.
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