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Quick answer
"Engañar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to deceive", and "traicionar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to betray". Learn more about the difference between "engañar" and "traicionar" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to lie to)
a. to deceive
Pudo engañar al público con su propaganda.He was able to deceive the public with his propaganda.
b. to trick
Me dijiste que no sabías jugar, ¡me engañaste!You told me you didn't know how to play. You tricked me!
c. to fool
No te dejes engañar con sus historias encantadoras.Don't let him fool you with his charming stories.
2. (to be unfaithful to)
a. to cheat on
Mi ex-novio me engañó con mi mejor amiga.My ex-boyfriend cheated on me with my best friend.
3. (to swindle)
a. to mislead
Él me engañó vendiéndome una casa que no tenía derecho de vender.He misled me into buying a home that he did not have the right to sell.
b. to trick
Le dijo que estaba embarazada con el fin de engañarlo para casarse con ella.She told him she was pregnant in order to trick him into marrying her.
c. to cheat
El vendedor de autos usados me engañó.The used car salesman cheated me.
d. to swindle
Un estafador despreciable les engañó miles en la subasta.A despicable con man swindled them out of thousands at the auction.
4. (to appease)
a. to curb
Como quedaron tres horas para la comida, decidió engañar el hambre con una merienda.With three more hours till dinner, she decided to curb her hunger with a snack.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to be misleading)
a. to be deceptive
El encanto engaña.Charm is deceptive.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
6. (to delude oneself)
a. to fool oneself
Te estás engañando si crees que realmente te van a pagar tanto. You are fooling yourself if you think they are really going to pay you that much.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to be disloyal)
a. to betray
El caballero fue ejecutado por traicionar al rey.The knight was executed for betraying the king.
2. (to reveal)
a. to betray
Simulé estar en calma cuando me dijo que estaba embarazada, pero mi cara me traicionó.I tried to look calm when she said she was pregnant, but my expression betrayed me.
b. to give away
Dijo que se encontraba bien, pero su tono de voz la traicionó.She said she was fine, but her tone gave her away.
3. (to mistake)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Esto me parece el billete de lotería ganador o ¿me traicionan los ojos?Do my eyes deceive me, or am I holding the winning lottery ticket?
Si no me traiciona la memoria, aquí es el lugar donde enterré el tesoro.If memory serves me right, here is the place where I buried the treasure.
4. (to trick)
a. to deceive
A Luis lo traicionó su ego y creyó que era el mejor jugador del equipo.Luis' ego deceived him into believing he was the best player in the team.
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