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Quick answer
"Enfermo" is an adjective which is often translated as "sick", and "a" is a preposition which is often translated as "to". Learn more about the difference between "enfermo" and "a" below.
enfermo(
ehm
-
fehr
-
moh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (unhealthy)
a. sick
Todos en la oficina estamos enfermos de gripa.Everybody at the office is sick with the flu.
b. ill
Luis se fue a su casa porque está enfermo.Luis went home because he's ill.
c. unwell
El director está enfermo desde el lunes y no pudo hacer el viaje.The director has been unwell since Monday and couldn't make the trip.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
2. (sick person)
a. sick person
Un grupo de voluntarios de la escuela va a visitar a los enfermos del hospital de la zona.A group of volunteers from our school visits sick people at the local hospital.
b. patient
Ya no quedan enfermos de ébola en este hospital.There aren't any Ebola patients left in this hospital.
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a(
ah
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (used to indicate direction)
a. to
Ve a tu habitación.Go to your room.
2. (used to indicate position)
a. to
A la izquierda puedes ver el parque.To your left you can see the park.
3. (used to indicate an exact moment)
a. at
Saldremos al amanecer.We will leave at dawn.
4. (used to indicate mode)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Podía respirar a duras penas.He was hardly able to breathe.
5. (the personal "a")
a. to
No te olvides de escribir a tus abuelos.Don't forget to write to your grandparents.
6. (used to give orders)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
¡A fregar los platos!Go do the dishes!
¡A la cama!Off to bed!
7. (used with quantities)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Me encantaría ganar dinero a espuertas.I would love to earn lots of money.
Llovía a cántaros.It was pouring.
8. (used to express purpose)
a. to
Vino a saludar.He came to say hello.
9. (used to express frequency)
a. per
Trabajo ocho horas al día.I work eight hours per day.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
10. (letter)
a. a
Ese adjetivo debe terminar con una a.That adjective should end in an a.
11. (music)
a. A
El pianista tocó una A.The pianist played an A.
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