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Quick answer
"Encontrarse" is a pronominal verb which is often translated as "to be", and "sumarse" is a reflexive verb which is often translated as "to join". Learn more about the difference between "encontrarse" and "sumarse" below.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
1. (to be situated)
a. to be
La playa se encuentra al otro lado de la calle.The beach is on the opposite side of the street.
2. (to sense)
a. to feel
No me encuentro muy animado.I don't feel too lively.
3. (to get together)
a. to meet
Nos encontraremos en el bar para una copa.We'll meet at the bar for a drink.
4. (to experience a state or situation)
a. to find oneself
Me encuentro en un dilema.I find myself in a dilemma.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to retrieve)
a. to find
Al fin encontré las llaves del coche.I finally found my car keys.
6. (to uncover)
a. to discover
Ellos encontraron una caja vieja en el bosque.They discovered an old box in the forest.
b. to encounter
Encontramos una bifurcación en el sendero y no sabíamos qué dirección tomar.We encountered a fork in the road and didn't know which path to take.
7. (to consider)
a. to find
¿No te gusta ir al teatro? - No, lo encuentro muy aburrido.Don't you like to go to the theater? - No, I find it very boring.
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A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
1. (to participate in)
a. to join
¿Desean sumarse a nuestro maratón de Star Wars en mi casa esta noche?Do you want to join our Star Wars marathon at my house tonight?
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to count)
a. to add
Marina aprendió a sumar y a restar en su clase de matemáticas.Marina learned to add and subtract in her math class.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to include)
a. to add
Con el Internet, ahora cualquiera puede sumar su voz al llamado al cambio.With the internet, anyone can now add their voice to the call for change.
4. (to count)
a. to add up to
Seis y cuatro suman diez.Six and four add up to ten.
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