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Quick answer
"Perdida" is a form of "perder", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to lose". "Encontrado" is an adjective which is often translated as "conflicting". Learn more about the difference between "encontrado" and "perdida" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (contradictory)
a. conflicting
Los politícos tienen opiniones encontradas sobre la legalización de marihuana.Politicians have conflicting opinions about the legalization of marihuana.
b. opposing
Aunque los presentes tenían posiciones encontradas, no hubo confrontaciones dramáticas.Although those in attendance held opposing positions, there were no dramatic confrontations.
c. mixed
Yo tengo sentimientos encontrados respecto a esta nueva iniciativa. ¿Tú qué opinas?I have mixed feelings about this new initiative. What do you think?
2. (facing one another)
a. opposite each other
En este escudo de armas aparecen encontrados el león y el unicornio.On this coat of arms, the lion and the unicorn appear opposite each other.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to misplace)
a. to lose
¿Cuántas veces has perdido tu celular?How many times have you lost your cellphone?
2. (to be defeated)
a. to lose
Si perdemos otro partido, no nos clasificaremos para la final.If we lose another match, we will not qualify for the finals.
3. (to throw away)
a. to miss
Perdiste la oportunidad de conseguir una entrada gratis.You missed the chance to get a free ticket.
b. to waste
Le hiciste perder demasiado tiempo.You made him waste so much time.
4. (not to catch)
a. to miss
El atasco me hizo perder el vuelo.The traffic jam made me miss my flight.
5. (to reduce)
a. to lose
Va perdiendo peso poco a poco.He's steadily losing weight.
6. (to lose to death or destruction)
a. to lose
Perdimos mucho por la guerra.We lost so much in the war.
7. (to leak)
a. to lose
Mi calentador sigue perdiendo agua.My boiler keeps losing water.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
8. (to fail to find the way)
a. to get lost
Mi perro se perdió en el bosque.My dog got lost in the woods.
9. (to not understand)
a. to be lost
No presté atención y ahora me perdí.I didn't pay attention and now I'm lost.
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