Listen to an audio pronunciation
vs
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Quick answer
"Encender" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to turn on", and "apagar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to turn off". Learn more about the difference between "encender" and "apagar" below.
encender(
ehn
-
sehn
-
dehr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to activate)
a. to turn on
Lo primero que hace cada mañana es encender la televisión.The first thing he does every morning is turn on the television.
b. to switch on
Creo que es hora de encender el aire acondicionado.I think it's time to switch on the air conditioning.
2. (to illuminate)
a. to light
Ella encendió una vela para que pudiera ver dónde caminaba.She lit a candle so that she could see where she was walking.
b. to ignite
Una vez que enciendas la llama, añade leña para aumentar el fuego.Once you ignite the flame, add kindling to build the fire.
encenderse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to ignite)
a. to turn on
Las luces se encienden cuando sienten movimiento en el cuarto. The lights turn on when they sense movement in the room.
b. to light
Se encienden las linternas antes de cada servicio. The lamps are lit before every service.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
4. (to get red)
a. to blush
Mi hermano se encendió cuando ella le dio su número. My brother totally blushed when she gave him her number.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
apagar(
ah
-
pah
-
gahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to disconnect)
a. to turn off
Apaga la luz antes de irte.Turn off the light before you go.
b. to switch off
Hijo, apaga el radio por favor.Son, switch off the radio please.
c. to put out
Acuérdate de apagar las luces antes de acostarte.Remember to put the lights out before you go to bed.
2. (to cause to stop burning)
a. to put out
Ron apagó las velas del candelabro.Ron put out the candles on the candelabra.
b. to blow out
Apaga las velas del pastel y pide un deseo.Blow out the candles on the cake and make a wish.
c. extinguish (formal)
Please extinguish your cigarette before entering the hospital.Por favor apaga tu cigarro antes de entrar al hospital.
3. (to satisfy)
a. to quench
Con este calor, ni diez litros de agua podrían apagar mi sed.With this heat, not even ten liters of water could quench my thirst.
4. (to pacify)
a. to calm
Nada le podría apagar la ira que sentía.Nothing would be able to calm his anger.
b. to soothe
Esta crema apagará el ardor del piquete.This cream will soothe the burning sensation from the bite.
5. (to tone down)
a. to muffle
La cantante puso unos tapones en los oídos para apagar el ruido de la banda de la fiesta.The singer put earplugs in her ears to muffle the noise of the band at the festival.
b. to soften
Usé un filtro en el lente para apagar los colores.I used a filter on the lens to soften the colors.
apagarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
6. (to blow out)
a. to go out
Una ráfaga pasó por una grieta y la vela se apagó.A gust of wind came in through a crack, and the candle went out.
7. (to stop working)
a. to go off
Escuché una explosión y en enseguida se apagaron las luces.I heard an explosion, and then the lights went off straightaway.
8. (to abate)
a. to die down
Por fin, el viento empezaba a apagarse.At last, the wind was dying down.
9. (to dissipate)
a. to fade
Después de tantos años de luchar sin conseguir nada, los anhelos ya se le habían apagado.After so many years of struggling to no avail, her dreams had faded.
b. to go out
La chispa en los ojos de mi abuelo no se apagó hasta el último momento de su vida.The spark in my grandfather's eyes didn't go out until his dying moments.
c. to wane
El deseo de quitar al dictador no se está apagando frente a la represión.The desire to remove the dictator isn't waning in the face of repression.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website.
© Curiosity Media Inc.  |  Ver en español
SOCIAL NETWORKS
APPS