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Quick answer
"Encargarse" is a pronominal verb which is often translated as "to handle", and "tratar de" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "to be about". Learn more about the difference between "encargarse" and "tratar de" below.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
1. (to assume responsibility)
a. to handle
Descuida. Yo me encargo.Don't worry. I'll handle it.
b. to take care of
Bob se encarga de limpiar las ventanas.Bob takes care of cleaning the windows.
c. to see to
Encárgate de los huéspedes.See to the guests.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (to request)
a. to order
Los pantalones estaban agotados, pero encargué un par de todos modos.The pants were out of stock, but I ordered a pair anyway.
b. to commission (work)
Ella le encargó un retrato al artista.She commissioned a portrait from the artist.
3. (to give responsibility to)
a. to put in charge of
El jefe le encargó a ella el proyecto.The boss put her in charge of the project.
b. to entrust
Mi hermana me encarga sus hijos.My sister entrusts me with her kids.
c. to charge with
Le encargaron conseguir un restaurante para la fiesta.They charged him with finding a restaurant for the party.
d. to task with
Les encargo a ustedes limpiar esta casa.I'm tasking you with cleaning this house.
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tratar de(
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to deal with)
a. to be about
Mi trabajo trata de los efectos del calentamiento global.My paper is about the effects of global warming.
2. (to attempt)
a. to try
No trato de ocultar nada.I'm not trying to hide anything.
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