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Quick answer
"En que" is a preposition which is often translated as "that", and "lo que" is a phrase which is often translated as "what". Learn more about the difference between "en que" and "lo que" below.
en que(
ehn
 
keh
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (pertaining to a moment in time)
a. that
El día en que te fuiste fue el peor día de mi vida.The day that you left was the worst day of my life.
b. when
En el momento en que viré la cabeza, un carro nos chocó.In the moment when I turned my head, a car hit us.
c. on which
Te vas tan linda ahora como el día en que nos casamos.You look as beautiful now as on the day on which we got married.
2. (describing condition or state)
a. in which
Tengo curiosidad del estado en que llegarán tus maletas.I'm curious to see the state in which your suitcases will arrive.
3. (explaining a topic)
a. in that
El choque nos benefició en que nos pudimos comprar un carro nuevo.The crash benefited us in that we were able to buy a new car.
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lo que(
loh
 
keh
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. what
No sé lo que quiero para mi cumpleaños.I don't know what I want for my birthday.
Lo que no entiendo es cómo entró el ladrón a la casa.What I don't understand is how the thief entered the house.
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