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Quick answer
"En que" is a preposition which is often translated as "that", and "en la que" is a phrase which is often translated as "in which". Learn more about the difference between "en que" and "en la que" below.
en que(
ehn
 
keh
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (pertaining to a moment in time)
a. that
El día en que te fuiste fue el peor día de mi vida.The day that you left was the worst day of my life.
b. when
En el momento en que viré la cabeza, un carro nos chocó.In the moment when I turned my head, a car hit us.
c. on which
Te vas tan linda ahora como el día en que nos casamos.You look as beautiful now as on the day on which we got married.
2. (describing condition or state)
a. in which
Tengo curiosidad del estado en que llegarán tus maletas.I'm curious to see the state in which your suitcases will arrive.
3. (explaining a topic)
a. in that
El choque nos benefició en que nos pudimos comprar un carro nuevo.The crash benefited us in that we were able to buy a new car.
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en la que(
ehn
 
lah
 
keh
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. in which (thing)
Fue una reunión en la que todo el mundo tuvo oportunidad de expresar su opinión.It was a meeting in which everyone had a chance to express their views.
b. on which (thing)
La llanura en la que descansa la ciudad está recorrida por dos ríos.Two rivers run through the plain on which the city stands.
c. in whom (person)
Elisa es una persona en la que confío plenamente.Elisa is a person in whom I fully trust.
d. where (place)
La pensión en la que estuvimos estaba muy limpia, y los dueños eran muy amables.The guesthouse where we stayed was very clean, and the owners were really nice.
e. when (time)
Estuve en Barcelona durante la semana en la que tuvo lugar la feria, y los hoteles estaban llenos.I was in Barcelona during the week when the fair took place, and the hotels were full.
f.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
La fiesta en la que estuvimos anoche fue muy animada.The party we went to last night was very lively.
Ya sabes la trampa en la que me vi metido por creerme lo que ella me dijo.You know the trap I found myself in just because I believed what she said.
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