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Quick answer
"En el que" is a phrase which is often translated as "in which", and "en que" is a preposition which is often translated as "that". Learn more about the difference between "en el que" and "en que" below.
en el que(
ehn
 
ehl
 
keh
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. in which (thing)
La FAO organizó un simposio en el que participaron personalidades de todo el mundo.The FAO organized a symposium in which important figures from all over the world took part.
b. on which (thing)
A continuación, voy a explicar el principio en el que se basa esta teoría.I'm going to explain now the principle on which this theory is based.
c. in whom (person)
Al menos tienes un amigo en el que puedes confiar.At least you have a friend in whom you can trust.
d. where (place)
El lugar en el que nos encontramos ahora, era el aposento real.The place where we are now, used to be the royal chamber.
e. when (time)
El día en el que ocurrió el accidente, yo no estaba aquí.I wasn't here the day when the accident happened.
f.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
El concierto en el que estuvimos anoche fue genial.The concert we went to last night was great.
No te puedes imaginar el lío en el que me vi metido por no decir la verdad.You can't imagine how much trouble I got into for not telling the truth.
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en que(
ehn
 
keh
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (pertaining to a moment in time)
a. that
El día en que te fuiste fue el peor día de mi vida.The day that you left was the worst day of my life.
b. when
En el momento en que viré la cabeza, un carro nos chocó.In the moment when I turned my head, a car hit us.
c. on which
Te vas tan linda ahora como el día en que nos casamos.You look as beautiful now as on the day on which we got married.
2. (describing condition or state)
a. in which
Tengo curiosidad del estado en que llegarán tus maletas.I'm curious to see the state in which your suitcases will arrive.
3. (explaining a topic)
a. in that
El choque nos benefició en que nos pudimos comprar un carro nuevo.The crash benefited us in that we were able to buy a new car.
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