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Quick answer
"En el cual" is a phrase which is often translated as "in which", and "en que" is a preposition which is often translated as "that". Learn more about the difference between "en el cual" and "en que" below.
en el cual(
ehn
 
ehl
 
kwahl
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. in which
Este es el sitio en el cual festejaremos nuestro aniversario.This is the venue in which we'll celebrate our anniversary.
b. at which
Ese es el teatro en el cual hubo un tiroteo hace un par de años.That is the theater at which a shooting took place a couple of years ago.
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en que(
ehn
 
keh
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (pertaining to a moment in time)
a. that
El día en que te fuiste fue el peor día de mi vida.The day that you left was the worst day of my life.
b. when
En el momento en que viré la cabeza, un carro nos chocó.In the moment when I turned my head, a car hit us.
c. on which
Te vas tan linda ahora como el día en que nos casamos.You look as beautiful now as on the day on which we got married.
2. (describing condition or state)
a. in which
Tengo curiosidad del estado en que llegarán tus maletas.I'm curious to see the state in which your suitcases will arrive.
3. (explaining a topic)
a. in that
El choque nos benefició en que nos pudimos comprar un carro nuevo.The crash benefited us in that we were able to buy a new car.
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