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Quick answer
"Ellos" is a pronoun which is often translated as "they", and "ir" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to go". Learn more about the difference between "ellos" and "ir" below.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (third person plural)
a. they (subject)
¿Ellos van a venir a cenar?Are they coming to dinner?
b. them (after prepositions)
Si confías en ellos, dales las llaves.If you trust them, give them the keys.
c. them (in comparisons)
Mi hermano y yo somos tan altos como ellos.My brother and I are as tall as them.
d. theirs (after "de" to show possession)
Esta ropa es de ellos.These clothes are theirs.
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An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to indicate movement)
a. to go
Ayer Ana y yo fuimos al cine.Yesterday, Ana and I went to the movies.
2. (to indicate a result)
a. to go
Me fueron bien los exámenes este semestre.My exams went well this semester.
3. (to indicate origin)
a. to go
Los platos van en el armario.Dishes go in the cupboard.
4. (to indicate a range of time)
a. to go
El festival va del primero de abril hasta el primero de mayo.The festival goes from April first to May first.
5. (to have on)
a. to wear
Iba con botas amarillas.She wore yellow boots.
b. to be dressed in (color)
Iba de verde por el día de San Patricio.She was dressed in green for St. Patrick's Day.
6. (to function)
a. to work
El portátil va bien.The laptop works well.
b. to run
Mi carro ha ido sin problema durante años.My car has run without an issue for years.
7. (to discuss a process; used with "por")
a. to be on
Voy por la página 50 de "San Manuel Bueno, mártir".I'm on page 50 of "San Manuel Bueno, Martyr."
8. (to be on the path to becoming; used with "para")
Regionalism used in Spain
a. to study to be
Mi primo va para cocinero.My cousin is studying to be a cook.
9. (to attend)
a. to go
Mi hermana va a la primaria al lado de la estación de bomberos.My sister goes to the elementary school next to the firestation.
10. (to appear)
a. to look
¡Vas muy guapa! Me encanta tu vestido.You look gorgeous! I love your dress.
11. (to match)
a. to go with
Esa camisa roja no le va a ese pantalón amarillo.That red shirt doesn't go with those yellow pants.
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
12. (to indicate a future action)
a. to go
¡Papá va a cocinar una cena espectacular!Dad is going to cook a wonderful dinner!
13. (in progressive constructions)
a. to be
Voy planificando la fiesta.I am planning the party.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
14. (to talk about directions)
a. to go
Por aquí no se va a casa.This is not the way to go home.
15. (to indicate a result)
a. to go
¿Cómo te va, amigo?How's it going, friend?
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
16. (to exit a place)
a. to leave
El alumno se fue de la biblioteca muy tarde.The student left the library very late.
b. to go
¡Vámonos! El camión nos va a dejar.Let's go! The bus is going to leave us behind.
17. (to escape)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
A la piscina se le fue todo el agua.All the water leaked from the pool.
A la llanta se le fue el aire.The tire went flat.
18. (to pass away)
a. to die
Se nos fue muy joven.He died too young.
19. (to take away)
a. to go away
Con esta pastilla se te irá el dolor.This pill will make the pain go away.
20. (to not remember)
a. to forget
¿Cómo se llama ese hombre? Lo sabía, pero se me fue.What's that man's name? I knew it, but I forgot.
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