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Quick answer
"Ello" is a pronoun which is often translated as "it", and "el" is a definite article which is often translated as "the". Learn more about the difference between "ello" and "el" below.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (neutral)
a. it
Estoy cansada, pero no por ello voy a rendirme.I'm tired, but I'm not going to give up because of it.
Si quieres algo, lucha por ello. If you want something, fight for it.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
2. (psychology)
a. id
El ello es uno de tres componentes en el modelo freudiano de la psique. The id is one of three major components in the Freudian model of the psyche.
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A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
1. (general)
a. the
El gato está en el tejado.The cat is on the roof.
El teléfono estaba encima de la mesa.The telephone was on top of the table.
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