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Quick answer
"Ella" is a pronoun which is often translated as "she", and "esta" is an adjective which is often translated as "this". Learn more about the difference between "ella" and "esta" below.
ella(
eh
-
yah
)
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (third person singular)
a. she (subject)
Ella publicó un libro acerca de la epidemiología. She published a book about epidemiology.
b. her (object)
Voy a hablar con ella para ver si nos puede aconsejar.I'm going to talk to her and see if she can advise us.
c. it (things or animals)
Esa es mi casa. Detrás de ella hay un garaje.That's my house. Behind it, there's a garage.
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esta(
ehs
-
tah
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (feminine demonstrative)
a. this
Esta silla está rota. Siéntate mejor en esa.This chair is broken. You'd better sit on that one.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (feminine demonstrative)
a. this
Esta es la casa con la que siempre soñé.This is the house I always dreamed of.
b. this one
No me gustó esa novela. En cambio, esta me encantó.I didn't like that novel. On the other hand, I loved this one.
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