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Quick answer
"Eliminar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to remove", and "quitar" is a transitive verb which is also often translated as "to remove". Learn more about the difference between "eliminar" and "quitar" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to make disappear)
a. to remove
Me cayó salsa en la blusa y no he podido eliminar la mancha.I spilled sauce on my blouse and I have not been able to remove the stain.
b. to get rid of
Algunos países en desarrollo han creado modelos eficientes para eliminar el analfabetismo.Several developing countries have created effective models to get rid of illiteracy.
c. to eliminate
Solo quedan un par de obstáculos que eliminar para llegar a nuestra meta.There are only a couple of obstacles left to eliminate so we can reach our goal.
2. (to kill)
a. to eliminate
El jefe de la mafia dio la orden de eliminar al soplón.The mafia boss gave the order to eliminate the snitch.
b. to get rid of
¿Sabes cuál es el mejor método para eliminar ratones?Do you know which is the best method to get rid of mice?
3. (sports)
a. to eliminate
El equipo visitante nos eliminó del torneo.The visiting team eliminated us from the tournament.
b. to knock out
El clavadista olímpico cayó eliminado en la segunda vuelta.The olympic diver was knocked out in the second round.
4. (physiology)
a. to eliminate
Tomar agua caliente con limón ayuda a eliminar toxinasDrinking hot water with lemon helps you eliminate toxins.
5. (mathematics)
a. to eliminate
Para el examen de ecuaciones, sigan los pasos para eliminar la variable.For the equation test, please follow the steps to eliminate the variable.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
6. (to get removed)
a. to be eliminated
Teníamos una lista larga de candidatos, pero se eliminaron muchos después de las entrevistas.We had a long list of candidates, but many were eliminated after the interviews.
7. (to leave)
Regionalism used in Mexico
a. to go away
Si no me necesitan aquí, permiso y me elimino.If you don't need me here, with your permission, I'll go away.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to eliminate)
a. to remove
No pude quitar la mancha del mantel.I could not remove the stain from the tablecloth.
2. (to grab)
a. to take away
Le quité la carta que le había escrito.I took the letter I had written away from him.
b. to take
Me quitaron el celular en el autobús.Someone took my cell phone on the bus.
3. (to ease)
a. to relieve
La aspirina me quitó el dolor de inmediato.The aspirin relieved my pain immediately.
b. to take away
Le dieron morfina para quitar el dolor que sufrió después del accidente.They gave him morphine to take away the pain he suffered after the accident.
4. (to consume)
a. to take up
Pintarme las uñas me quita mucho tiempo.Painting my nails takes up a lot of my time.
5. (to exclude)
a. except for
Quitando las almendras, me gustan todos los frutos secos.Except for almonds, I like all nuts.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
6. (to remove clothing)
a. to take off
Quítense la ropa mojada antes de entrar a la casa.Take off your wet clothes before entering the house.
7. (to move away)
a. to get out
Viene un toro, ¡quítense de enmedio!A bull is coming. Get out of the way!
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