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Quick answer
"Eliminar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to remove", and "descartar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to rule out". Learn more about the difference between "eliminar" and "descartar" below.
eliminar(
eh
-
lee
-
mee
-
nahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to make disappear)
a. to remove
Me cayó salsa en la blusa y no he podido eliminar la mancha.I spilled sauce on my blouse and I have not been able to remove the stain.
b. to get rid of
Algunos países en desarrollo han creado modelos eficientes para eliminar el analfabetismo.Several developing countries have created effective models to get rid of illiteracy.
c. to eliminate
Solo quedan un par de obstáculos que eliminar para llegar a nuestra meta.There are only a couple of obstacles left to eliminate so we can reach our goal.
2. (to kill)
a. to eliminate
El jefe de la mafia dio la orden de eliminar al soplón.The mafia boss gave the order to eliminate the snitch.
b. to get rid of
¿Sabes cuál es el mejor método para eliminar ratones?Do you know which is the best method to get rid of mice?
3. (sports)
a. to eliminate
El equipo visitante nos eliminó del torneo.The visiting team eliminated us from the tournament.
b. to knock out
El clavadista olímpico cayó eliminado en la segunda vuelta.The olympic diver was knocked out in the second round.
4. (physiology)
a. to eliminate
Tomar agua caliente con limón ayuda a eliminar toxinasDrinking hot water with lemon helps you eliminate toxins.
5. (mathematics)
a. to eliminate
Para el examen de ecuaciones, sigan los pasos para eliminar la variable.For the equation test, please follow the steps to eliminate the variable.
eliminarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
6. (to get removed)
a. to be eliminated
Teníamos una lista larga de candidatos, pero se eliminaron muchos después de las entrevistas.We had a long list of candidates, but many were eliminated after the interviews.
7. (to leave)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
a. to go away
Si no me necesitan aquí, permiso y me elimino.If you don't need me here, with your permission, I'll go away.
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descartar(
dehs
-
kahr
-
tahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to discard)
a. to rule out
Quedó bien claro que tendríamos que descartar la opción de ir a la playa por la lluvia.It became quite clear that we would have to rule out the option of going to the beach because of the rain.
b. to dismiss
Si examinamos el análisis de las pruebas, podemos descartar nuestra primera hipótesis.If we examine the analysis of the tests, we can dismiss our initial hypothesis.
c. to reject
Al final, fue descartado como candidato para la presidencia.In the end, he was rejected as a candidate for the presidency.
d. to discount
Hemos descartado la posibilidad de mudarnos este año porque no tenemos dinero.We've discounted the possibility of moving this year because we don't have the money.
descartarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
2. (cards)
a. to discard
Te toca a ti, ¿no? - ¡Qué va! Aún no te has descartado.It's your turn right? - What are you talking about? You haven't discarded yet.
b. to throw away
Siempre me descarto de las cartas en los momentos más inoportunos.I always throw away cards at the most inopportune times.
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