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Quick answer
"Elevar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to lift", and "calcular" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to calculate". Learn more about the difference between "elevar" and "calcular" below.
elevar(
eh
-
leh
-
bahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to pull up)
a. to lift
La grúa elevó los bloques de cemento.The crane lifted the cement blocks.
b. to hoist
Los marinos elevaron las velas y echaron el ancla.The sailors hoisted the sails and dropped anchor.
c. to raise
Los manifestantes elevaron sus puños y gritaron: "¡Libertad!"The demonstrators raised their fists and yelled, "Freedom!"
2. (to augment)
a. to raise
Eleva el tono de voz para que te puedan escuchar los que están al fondo.Raise your voice so the people in the back can hear you.
b. to increase
El frío elevó la demanda de gas natural.The cold weather increased the demand for natural gas.
3. (to increase the height of)
a. to raise
Los soldados están elevando los muros de la fortaleza.The soldiers are raising the wall of the fortress.
b. to make higher
Elevé las paredes del patio para que los vecinos no nos vean.I made the backyard walls higher so the neighbors won't see us.
4. (to promote)
a. to elevate
El obispo diocesano fue elevado a arzobispo.The diocesan bishop was elevated to the rank of archbishop.
5.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(to put forward)
a. to submit
El tesorero elevó su renuncia a la junta.The treasurer submitted his resignation to the board.
b. to present
El gerente de compras elevó su propuesta al comité.The purchasing manager presented his proposal to the committee.
6.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(to build)
a. to erect
Los lugareños elevaron una ermita en la colina.The locals erected a chapel on the hill.
7. (mathematics)
a. to raise
Te olvidaste de elevar el primer número a la cuarta potencia.You forgot to raise the first number to the fourth power.
8.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to scold)
Regionalism used in Chile
(Chile)
a. to give a hard time
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Su esposa lo elevó porque gastó mil pesos en trivialidades.His wife gave him a hard time because he spent a thousand pesos in trifles.
b. to tell off
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Mis padres me elevaron por no lavar los platos.My parents told me off for not doing the dishes.
elevarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
9. (to gain height)
a. to rise
El globo aerostático se elevó a una altura de 120 metros.The hot-air balloon rose to a height of 120 meters.
b. to climb
El avión se elevó por encima de las nubes.The airplane climbed above the clouds.
10. (to augment)
a. to rise
El precio de los combustibles se elevó fuertemente en el último trimestre.Fuel prices rose sharply in the last quarter.
b. to increase
La tasa de desempleo se elevó un dos por ciento.The unemployment rate increased by two percent.
11. (to add up to; used with "a")
a. to amount to
El gasto público se elevó a 20,000 millones de dólares.Government expenditure amounted to 20 billion dollars.
b. to come to
Cuando salió el sol, la temperatura se elevó a 32º C.When the sun came up, the temperature came to 32º C.
c. to stand at
Las pérdidas se elevan a aproximadamente dos millones de dólares.The amount of loss stands at approximately two million dollars.
d. to reach
Durante la combustión, la temperatura puede elevarse a 240 grados Celsius.During the combustion, the temperature can reach 240 degrees Celsius.
12.
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(literary)
(to be located)
a. to stand
El castillo medieval se eleva en la cima de la montaña.The medieval castle stands on top of the mountain.
b. to rise
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(literary)
El rascacielos se eleva por encima del resto de los edificios de la ciudad.The skyscraper rises higher than the rest of the buildings in the city.
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calcular(
kahl
-
koo
-
lahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (mathematics)
a. to calculate
En este problema tengo que calcular la velocidad del coche A.In this problem I have to calculate the speed of car A.
b. to work out
En clase Jorge tuvo que calcular cuánto medía la hipotenusa del triángulo.In class Jorge had to work out the length of the hypotenuse of the triangle.
2. (to guess)
a. to reckon
Si salimos de casa ya, calculo que llegaremos sobre la hora de comer.If we leave home now, I reckon we will arrive around lunch time.
b. to suppose
Calculo que María y Juan estarán al llegar porque suelen ser puntuales.I suppose that Maria and Juan will be here any minute now because they are usually punctual.
c. to estimate
El profesor calcula que hay cinco alumnos que necesitan clases particulares.The teacher estimates that there are five students who need private tutoring.
d. to figure
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Mi madre calcula que vendrán a la fiesta unas veinte personas.My mother figures that twenty people will attend the party.
3. (to plan)
a. to work out
He calculado todo para que Miguel no se entere de la fiesta sorpresa.I worked everything out so that Miguel doesn't find out about the surprise party.
4.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to think)
a. to imagine
¡Calcula la ilusión que me hizo encontrarme con un viejo amigo!Imagine how excited I was of running into an old friend!
5. (architecture)
a. to design
Cuando entré en la oficina, el arquitecto estaba calculando un puente sobre un plano.When I entered the office, the architect was designing a bridge onto a blueprint.
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