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Quick answer
"El" is a definite article which is often translated as "the", and "su" is an adjective which is often translated as "his". Learn more about the difference between "el" and "su" below.
A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
1. (general)
a. the
El gato está en el tejado.The cat is on the roof.
El teléfono estaba encima de la mesa.The telephone was on top of the table.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (possessive)
a. his (third person masculine singular)
¿Hiciste su tarea por él?Did you do his homework for him?
b. her (third person feminine singular)
¿Sabes dónde está el cargador de su teléfono?Do you know where the charger is for her phone?
c. its (neuter, singular)
Esta es su perrera.This is its doghouse.
d. their (third person plural)
Esa es su cena. No la comas. That is their dinner. Don't eat it.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(used to address one person)
a. your (second person singular)
Nuestra casa es su casa.Our house is your house.
3. (used to address multiple people)
a. your (second person plural)
¿A qué hora vendrá a recogerlos su mamá?What time is your mom picking you up?
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