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Quick answer
"El" is a definite article which is often translated as "the", and "mayor" is an adjective which is often translated as "bigger". Learn more about the difference between "el" and "mayor" below.
el(
ehl
)
A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
1. (general)
a. the
El gato está en el tejado.The cat is on the roof.
El teléfono estaba encima de la mesa.The telephone was on top of the table.
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mayor(
mah
-
yohr
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (related to size)
a. bigger (comparative)
Nos hemos comprado una casa mayor.We have bought a bigger house.
b. larger (comparative)
Nos iría muy bien una habitación mayor.We could use a larger room.
c. biggest (superlative)
Elegimos la pizza mayor.We chose the biggest pizza.
d. largest (superlative)
El mayor océano del mundo es el Pacífico.The world's largest ocean is the Pacific Ocean.
2. (related to age)
a. older (comparative)
María es mayor que Sara.Mary is older than Sarah.
b. elder (comparative)
Te presento a mi hermano mayor.Let me introduce you to my elder brother.
c. oldest (superlative)
Con 101 años, Juan era el mayor del pueblo.At 101 years, John was the oldest man in the village.
d. eldest (superlative)
Mi hijo mayor va a ser piloto de cazas.My eldest son is going to become a fighter pilot.
e. grown-up
El alcohol es para personas mayores de edad.Alcohol is for grown-ups.
f. elderly
Las personas mayores han de cuidarse mucho.Elderly people should take good care of themselves.
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