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Quick answer
"Que" is a conjunction which is often translated as "that", and "la" is a definite article which is often translated as "the". Learn more about the difference between "que" and "la" below.
que(
keh
)
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (used to introduce a subordinate clause)
a. that
Tenga en cuenta que algunas de estas características son diferentes.Note that some of these characteristics are different.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (used to define the subject)
a. who (person)
El hombre que le salvó la vida a mi bebé está aquí.The man who saved my baby's life is here.
b. which (thing)
El libro que más ha influido en mí es este.The book which has had the greatest influence on me is this one.
c. that (thing)
El pastel que me encanta es el de chocolate.The cake that I love is chocolate cake.
3. (used to define the object)
a. who (person)
Vi a la mujer que trabaja en el spa.I saw the woman who works in the spa.
b. which (thing)
¡Enséñame el vestido que llevaste en la fiesta!Show me the dress which you wore to the party!
c. that (thing)
Ese es el teléfono que yo quiero.That's the phone that I want.
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la(
lah
)
A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
1. (before singular or uncountable feminine nouns)
a. the
La pelota está en el tejado.The ball is on the roof.
La leche está en el refrigerador.The milk is in the refrigerator.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (direct object replacing feminine noun)
a. her
Quiero conocer a tu esposa. Si puedes, tráela la próxima vez.I want to meet your wife. If you can, bring her next time.
b. it
La carne que probamos estaba deliciosa. ¿Podemos cenarla?The meat we tried was delicious. Can we have it for dinner?
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
3. (the sixth note on a diatonic scale)
a. la
La canción va así: "la, si, la, do".The song goes like this: "la, ti, la, do."
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