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Quick answer
"De" is a preposition which is often translated as "from", and "suyo" is an adjective which is often translated as "his". Learn more about the difference between "de" and "suyo" below.
de(
deh
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (used to indicate origin)
a. from
Mis padres vienen de Nicaragua.My parents are from Nicaragua.
2. (used to indicate material)
a. of
Esta mesa está hecha de plástico.This table is made of plastic.
3. (used to express possession)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Te recojo en el coche de mi padre.I'll come get you in my father's car.
¿Esa no es la casa de Susana?Isn't that Susana's house?
4. (used to indicate characteristics)
a. of
La comida era de gran calidad.The food was of great quality.
5. (used to indicate content)
a. of
Andrés siempre llevaba una bolsa de canicas.Andres always carried around a bag of marbles.
6. (with compound nouns)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Voy a comprar otro traje de baño para el verano.I'm going to buy another bathing suit for the summer.
Se usa la palanca de cambios para cambiar las marchas.You use the gear shift to change the gears.
7. (used to indicate time)
a. in
Es mejor trabajar de mañana.It is better to work in the morning.
8. (used to express cause)
a. with
Me sorprendí llorando de pena al pensar en él.I caught myself crying with sorrow when I thought of him.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
9. (letter)
a. d
¿Dijiste la letra de o te?Did you say the letter d or t?
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suyo(
soo
-
yoh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (possessive)
a. his (third person masculine singular)
Este es David, y Peter es amigo suyo.This is David, and Peter is his friend.
b. her (third person feminine singular)
El café suyo tiene crema y dos azúcares.Her coffee has cream and two sugars.
c. its (neuter, singular)
¿Dónde está el perro? ¿Eso que hay en el suelo es el hueso suyo?Where's the dog? Is that its bone on the floor?
d. your (second person plural)
Este carro es suyo, así que uno de los dos debe manejar.This is your car, so one of you two should drive.
e. their (third person plural)
¿Es este el yate suyo o es ese que está allá?Is this their yacht, or is it that one over there?
2.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(possessive)
a. your (second person singular)
¿Es este bolígrafo suyo, señor?Is this your pen, sir?
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
3. (possessive)
a. his (third person masculine singular)
Mi coche es rojo y el suyo es negro.My car is red and his is black.
b. hers (third person feminine singular)
Mi pedido ya se mandó, pero el suyo no.My order has already been shipped, but hers hasn't.
c. yours (second person plural)
Este es mi apartamento. El suyo está en la planta baja.This is my apartment. Yours is on the ground floor.
d. theirs (third person plural)
Nuestro patio es más grande que el suyo.Our yard is bigger than theirs.
4.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(possessive)
a. yours (second person singular)
El café de la señora está listo, pero el suyo no, señor.The lady's coffee is ready, but yours is not, sir.
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