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Quick answer
"De" is a preposition which is often translated as "from", and "sustantivo" is an adjective which is often translated as "substantive". Learn more about the difference between "de" and "sustantivo" below.
de(
deh
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (used to indicate origin)
a. from
Mis padres vienen de Nicaragua.My parents are from Nicaragua.
2. (used to indicate material)
a. of
Esta mesa está hecha de plástico.This table is made of plastic.
3. (used to express possession)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Te recojo en el coche de mi padre.I'll come get you in my father's car.
¿Esa no es la casa de Susana?Isn't that Susana's house?
4. (used to indicate characteristics)
a. of
La comida era de gran calidad.The food was of great quality.
5. (used to indicate content)
a. of
Andrés siempre llevaba una bolsa de canicas.Andres always carried around a bag of marbles.
6. (with compound nouns)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Voy a comprar otro traje de baño para el verano.I'm going to buy another bathing suit for the summer.
Se usa la palanca de cambios para cambiar las marchas.You use the gear shift to change the gears.
7. (used to indicate time)
a. in
Es mejor trabajar de mañana.It is better to work in the morning.
8. (used to express cause)
a. with
Me sorprendí llorando de pena al pensar en él.I caught myself crying with sorrow when I thought of him.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
9. (letter)
a. d
¿Dijiste la letra de o te?Did you say the letter d or t?
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sustantivo(
soos
-
tahn
-
tee
-
boh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (essential)
a. substantive
Hay diferencias substantivas entre las atmósferas de Marte y Venus.There are substantive differences between the atmospheres of Mars and Venus.
b. substantial
Nuestra jefa ha invertido una cantidad sustantiva de dinero en el proyecto.Our boss has invested a substantial sum of money in the project.
c. fundamental
La enseñanza de la tolerancia es un paso sustantivo en el desarrollo de una sociedad cooperativa.Teaching tolerance is a fundamental step in developing a cooperative society.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
2. (grammar)
a. noun
"Gato" y "perro" son sustantivos."Cat" and "dog" are nouns.
b. substantive (formal)
Estudiamos los diferentes tipos de sustantivos en mi clase de sintaxis.We studied the different types of substantives in my syntax class.
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