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Quick answer
"Efectuar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to carry out", and "realizar" is a transitive verb which is also often translated as "to carry out". Learn more about the difference between "efectuar" and "realizar" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to do)
a. to carry out (an investigation or repairs)
La policía efectuó un registro de la casa.Police carried out a search of the house.
b. to make (a payment or a journey)
Puede efectuar el depósito en cualquier sucursal de nuestro banco.You can make the deposit in any branch of our bank.
c. to effect (repairs)
Nuestro servicio de mantenimiento se encargará de efectuar las reparaciones.Our maintenance service will effect the repairs.
d. to execute (an investment)
La empresa efectuó una serie de inversiones que generaron pingües beneficios.The firm executed a series of investments that yielded fat profits.
e. to perform (a calculation)
Una computadora puede efectuar cálculos muy complejos.A computer can perform very complex calculations.
f. to conduct (an interview)
Nuestro jefe de personal efectuará las entrevistas.The interviews will be conducted by our personnel manager.
g. to fire (a shot)
La agente le dio el alto y efectuó varios disparos al aire.The police officer ordered him to halt and fired several shots into the air.
h. to cover (a distance)
Los ciclistas efectuarán hoy un recorrido de 250 kilómetros.The cyclists will cover a distance of 250 kilometers today.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
2. (to happen)
a. to take place
La inauguración se efectuará el día 22 de septiembre.The opening will take place on the 22nd of September.
3. (to be done)
a. to be carried out (investigation or repairs)
La investigación se efectuó en el más absoluto secreto.The investigation was carried out in the most absolute secrecy.
b. to be made (payment or journey)
El trayecto puede efectuarse en tren o autobús.The journey can be made by train or bus.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to execute)
a. to carry out
Realizaron los experimentos sin tocar ningún animal.They carried out all the tests without touching a single animal.
b. to do
Esta ONG ha realizado una labor invaluable para la gente indígena de la región.This NGO has done priceless work for the indigenous people of the region.
c. to materialize
Por fin se realizó el plano del nuevo centro comercial.The blueprints for the new mall finally materialized.
d. to fulfill
Para realizar este cargo, necesitamos a alguien que sea un buen líder.In order to fulfill this post, we need someone who is a good leader.
e. to make (trip, visit)
Me muero por realizar un viaje a los fiordos en Noruega.I am dying to make a trip to the fjords in Norway.
2. (cinema)
a. to produce
Realizaron esa película con un presupuesto muy bajo.They produced the film with a very low budget.
3. (to sell goods)
a. to make
Siguiendo ese plan, la compañía puede realizar beneficios con muy pocos riesgos.Following that plan, the company can make a profit with very little risk.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
4. (to become real)
a. to come true
Ayer se realizó su sueño de pilotar un avión.Yesterday her dream of piloting a plane came true.
b. to be fulfilled
Mi sueño de ser dueña de mi propia empresa por fin se realizó.My dream of owning my own company has finally been fulfilled.
c. to be realized
Lo que empezó como un sueño de mucha gente marginada hoy se realiza. What began as a dream for many marginalized people today is realized.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
5. (to be satisfied)
a. to find fulfillment
Mucha gente quiere realizarse en su trabajo.Many people want to find fulfillment in their jobs.
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