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Quick answer
"Soldad" is a form of "soldar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to solder". "Efectivos" is a plural noun which is often translated as "forces". Learn more about the difference between "efectivos" and "soldad" below.
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
1. (military)
a. forces
El país aumentó el número de efectivos militares en la zona.The country increased the number of military forces in the area.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (efficacious)
a. effective
La vacuna tarda unos días en ser efectiva.The vaccine takes a few days to become effective.
3. (genuine)
a. real
El poder efectivo está en manos del pueblo.The real power is in the hands of the people.
b. actual
La posibilidad efectiva de que sobreviva este pajarito es muy escasa.The actual chance that this baby bird will survive is very slim.
c. true
No se ha podido determinar el valor efectivo de las pérdidas.It has not been possible to determine the true value of the losses.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
4. (money)
a. cash
Pagué con tarjeta porque no llevaba efectivo.I paid by card because I didn't have any cash on me.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to join)
a. to solder (using an alloy)
Se sueldan los cables al terminal con un soldador.The wires are soldered to the terminal using a soldering iron.
b. to weld (without an alloy)
Este soldador puede usarse para soldar aluminio y acero delgados.This welder that can be used to weld thin aluminum and steel.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Los circuitos se sueldan con estaño.The circuits are soldered together with solder.
Las piezas se calientan y se sueldan.The parts are heated up and welded together.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(to mend)
a. to patch up
Espero que podamos soldar las cosas y volver a ser amigos.I hope we can patch things up and be friends again.
b. to put right
Por lo menos trataré de soldar el gran error que cometí.I shall at least try to put right the big mistake I made.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to be joined)
a. to weld together
Las dos mitades se soldaron firmemente.The two halves welded together firmly.
b. to knit
El hueso se soldó mal por no mantenerlo quieto.The bone knitted badly because it wasn't kept still.
c. to knit together
El yeso ayudará a que los huesos se suelden.The plaster cast will help the bones knit together.
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