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Quick answer
"Militares" is a form of "militar", an adjective which is often translated as "military". "Efectivos" is a plural noun which is often translated as "forces". Learn more about the difference between "efectivos" and "militares" below.
efectivos(
eh
-
fehk
-
tee
-
bohs
)
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
1. (military)
a. forces
El país aumentó el número de efectivos militares en la zona.The country increased the number of military forces in the area.
efectivo
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (efficacious)
a. effective
La vacuna tarda unos días en ser efectiva.The vaccine takes a few days to become effective.
3. (genuine)
a. real
El poder efectivo está en manos del pueblo.The real power is in the hands of the people.
b. actual
La posibilidad efectiva de que sobreviva este pajarito es muy escasa.The actual chance that this baby bird will survive is very slim.
c. true
No se ha podido determinar el valor efectivo de las pérdidas.It has not been possible to determine the true value of the losses.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
4. (money)
a. cash
Pagué con tarjeta porque no llevaba efectivo.I paid by card because I didn't have any cash on me.
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militar(
mee
-
lee
-
tahr
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (armed forces)
a. military
Esta operación militar fue decisiva para ganar la guerra.This military operation was decisive in winning the war.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
2. (armed forces)
a. soldier
Los militares entrenan duro para afrontar las adversidades de la batalla.The soldiers train hard in order to face the adversities of battle.
b. military man (masculine)
Desgraciadamente muchos militares perdieron la vida.Unfortunately, many military men lost their lives.
c. military woman (feminine)
Las militares ayudaron en el rescate de los civiles.The military women helped in the rescue of the civilians.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to render military service)
a. to serve
Los mayores de 18 años tienen que militar en la guerra.Persons older than 18 have to serve in the war.
4. (to take part)
a. to be active
Andrés milita en el partido comunista desde 2010.Andres is active in the communist party since 2010.
b. to be an active member
Diego milita en el Partido Verde.Diego is an active member of the Green Party.
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