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Quick answer
"Económico" is an adjective which is often translated as "economic", and "ser" is a copular verb which is often translated as "to be". Learn more about the difference between "económico" and "ser" below.
económico(
eh
-
koh
-
noh
-
mee
-
koh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (related to economy)
a. economic
Durante la crisis económica, tuve que vender mi carro y mi casa.During the economic crisis, I had to sell my car and my house.
2. (low-priced)
a. cheap
Esta carne picada es económica, pero contiene más grasa.This ground beef is cheap, but it has more fat.
b. economical
Me alcanzó para comprar un frigorífico pequeño y económico.I could only afford a small, economical fridge.
c. inexpensive
El hotel es viejo pero económico, y queda cerca de la playa.The hotel is old but inexpensive, and it's located near the beach.
d. low-cost
Voy a volar a Londres en una aerolínea económica.I'm flying to London with a low-cost airline.
3. (related to money)
a. financial
La pareja no dejó que los problemas económicos afectaran a su matrimonio.The couple didn't let financial problems affect their marriage.
4. (cost-effective)
a. economical
Compré un acondicionador de aire que usa un 20% menos de energía que el anterior.I bought an economical air conditioner that uses 20% less energy than the old one.
5. (sparing)
a. thrifty
Ruy es económico y siempre compra las marcas más baratas.Ruy is thrifty and always buys the cheapest brands.
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ser(
sehr
)
A copular verb links the subject of a clause to the predicate (e.g. My brother is tall).
1. (used to talk about characteristics)
a. to be
Sus ojos son azules.Her eyes are blue.
Mi abuelo es profesor.My grandpa is a teacher.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (used to indicate origin)
a. to be
Soy de Nueva York.I'm from New York.
3. (to serve as)
a. to be
El lápiz es para escribir, no para lanzar.Pencils are for writing, not for throwing.
4. (used to talk about prices)
a. to be
¿Cuánto quiere por este cuadro? - Son diez dólares.How much do you want for this picture? - It's ten dollars.
5. (to be composed of)
a. to be made of
El casillero antiguo de mi abuela es de roble.My grandma's antique dresser is made of oak.
6. (used to indicate possession)
a. to be
Este reloj es de mi madre.This watch is my mother's.
7. (to take place)
a. to be
La fiesta será en mi casa.The party will be at my place.
8. (to be associated with; used with "de")
a. to root for
Yo soy del mejor equipo del mundo: FC Barcelona.I root for the best team in the world: FC Barcelona.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
9. (used to express time)
a. to be
Son las siete de la mañana.It is seven in the morning.
Era de noche cuando llegaron.It was night when they arrived.
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
10. (with the passive voice)
a. to be
El edificio fue diseñado por un equipo de arquitectos.The building was built by a team of architects.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
11. (entity)
a. being
Hay un ser vivo en el lago, pero no sé qué es.There's a living being in the lake, but I don't know what it is.
12. (human)
a. person
Su papá es un ser muy agradable.Her dad is a very nice person.
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