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Quick answer
"Echarse" is a reflexive verb which is often translated as "to throw oneself", and "tenderse" is a reflexive verb which is often translated as "to lie down". Learn more about the difference between "echarse" and "tenderse" below.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
1. (to propel oneself)
a. to throw oneself
Intentó suicidarse echándose al agua desde el puente.He tried to commit suicide throwing himself into the water from the bridge.
2. (to recline)
a. to lie down
Solo tienes que echarte y disfrutar del masaje.Just lie down and enjoy your massage.
3. (to apply)
a. to put
Me eché protector solar antes de ir a la playa, pero me quemé.I put on sunscreen before going to the beach, but I got sunburned.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to propel)
a. to throw
Esta comida ya está caducada. Échala en la basura.This food is spoiled. Throw it in the garbage.
b. to cast
Un pescador echó el sedal desde el muelle para pescar.A fisherman cast a line from the pier to fish.
5. (to add)
a. to put
¿Cuánta gasolina le echas al coche?How much gas do you put in the car?
6. (to oust)
a. to throw out
Lo echaron del bar por no pagar su cuenta.He was thrown out of the bar for not paying his tab.
b. to expel
Echaron al estudiante de la universidad por razones disciplinarias.The student was expelled from the university for disciplinary reasons.
7. (to serve)
a. to pour
¿Serías tan amable de echarme más vino?Please be so good as to pour me some more wine.
8. (to release)
a. to give off
El guiso está echando un aroma delicioso que me está dando hambre.The stew is giving off a delicious aroma that is making me hungry.
b. to emit
El tubo de escape de un coche echa gases cuando está parado en funcionamiento.The exhaust pipe of the car emits gases when it is idle.
9. (to produce)
a. to sprout
En primavera, los árboles de mi jardín echan hojas nuevas.In the spring, the trees of my garden sprout new leaves.
10. (to give)
a. to give
Papá le echó la bronca a mi hermano por mentir.Dad gave my brother a dressing-down for lying.
11. (to send)
a. to mail
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Voy a la oficina de correos para comprar sellos para echar esta carta.I'm going to the post office to buy stamps to mail this letter.
b. to post (United Kingdom)
¿Cuánto cuesta echar este paquete a Alemania?How much does it cost to post this parcel to Germany?
12. (to estimate)
a. to reckon
¿Cuánto tiempo tiene que cocer el pollo? - Échale dos horas.How long does the chicken need to cook? - I reckon two hours.
b. to think
Le echaba a tu hermana menos años que a ti.I thought your sister was younger than you.
13. (indicating an action)
a. to give
¿Puedes echarme una mano con las bolsas de la compra?Can you give me a hand with the shopping bags?
b. to have
Anoche, mis amigos y yo nos echamos unas risas en la cena.Last night, my friends and I had a good laugh over dinner.
14. (to move)
a. to push
Echa la mesa a un lado para hacer más sitio para la fiesta.Push the table aside to make more room for the party.
15. (to lay off)
a. to fire
Me echaron del trabajo por no cumplir con mis responsabilidades.I was fired from a job for not fulfilling my duties.
b. to sack (United Kingdom)
Lo echaron porque nunca completaba sus proyectos.They sacked him because he never completed his projects.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
16. (to commence)
a. to start
El ladrón se echó a correr cuando vio que la policía se acercaba a él.The thief started running when he saw the police coming toward him.
b. to begin
Mi hijo se echó a llorar cuando la enfermera le clavó la aguja en el brazo.My son began to cry when the nurse stuck the needle in his arm.
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A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
1. (to recline)
a. to lie down
Tan pronto como llegue a casa, voy a tenderme y relajarme un rato.As soon as I get home, I'm going to lie down and relax for a while.
2. (to sprawl out)
a. to stretch out
El perro se tendió por toda la cama, por lo que no había espacio para mí.The dog stretched out across the entire bed so there was no room for me.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to suspend)
a. to hang
Si tiendes la ropa en el tendedero, estará seca por la mañana.If you hang the clothing on the clothesline, it will be dry by morning.
4. (to place)
a. to lay out
Tendimos todas las muestras para que pudiéramos escoger la mejor opción.We laid out all of the samples so that we could choose the best one.
5. (to reach)
a. to approach
Ten cuidado, tiendes a los límites de velocidad en esta carretera.Be careful, you are approaching the speed limit on this road.
6. (to extend)
a. to stretch out
Tenderemos la pancarta para que alcance los dos pilares.We will stretch out the banner so that it reaches both pillars.
7. (to arrange)
a. to set (table)
Los niños tendían la mesa mientras sus padres preparaban la comida.The children set the table while their parents prepared the meal.
b. to make (bed)
Espero que estés tendiendo tu cama antes de bajar a desayunar.I hope you are making your bed before coming down to eat breakfast.
8. (to pass)
a. to hand
Le tendió el frasco a su hermano para que pudiera tratar de abrirlo.He handed the jar to his brother so that he could try to open it.
b. to offer
¿Me tiendes una mano al cruzar la calle?Would you offer me a hand crossing the street?
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
9. (to be inclined)
a. to tend
Tendemos a comprar productos orgánicos por razones de salud.We tend to buy organic products for health reasons.
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