Quick answer
"Duro" is an adjective which is often translated as "hard", and "puro" is an adjective which is often translated as "pure". Learn more about the difference between "duro" and "puro" below.
duro(
doo
-
roh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (not soft)
a. hard
El titanio es un material duro.Titanium is a hard substance.
b. tough
La carne está dura, no la puedo masticar.The meat is tough; I can't chew it.
c. stale
Después de dos días el pan se pone duro.Bread goes stale after two days.
2. (rigid)
a. stiff
La caja de velocidades se pone dura cuando hace frío.The gearbox gets stiff when it's cold.
3. (strong)
a. tough
Es un tipo muy duro; corre 15 millas todos los días.He's a really tough guy; he runs 15 miles every day.
b. hard
Ese tipo se cree muy duro, pero debes de verlo con su gatito.That guy thinks he's so hard, but you should see him around his kitten.
4. (stern)
a. harsh
"No toques mis cosas," le dijo Armando a su hermanito con voz dura."Don't touch my stuff," Armando told his little brother in a harsh tone.
b. severe
Sus críticas fueron duras pero ciertas.His critiques were severe, but accurate.
5. (difficult)
a. hard
Híjole, ¡el examen de historia estuvo bien duro!Man, the history test was super hard!
6.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(dim-witted)
a. thick
Mi perro es un poco duro para los trucos.My dog is a bit thick when it comes to tricks.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
7. (with vigor)
a. hard
Manny Pacquiao y Juan Manual Márquez se pegaron duro durante la pelea.Manny Pacquiao and Juan Manuel Marquez hit each other hard during the match.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
8. (tough character)
a. tough guy
El duro de esta película es Sylvester Stallone.The tough guy in this movie is Sylvester Stallone.
9. (old Spanish coin)
a. five-peseta coin
Esa máquina solo acepta duros.That machine only takes five-peseta coins.
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puro(
poo
-
roh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (uncontaminated)
a. pure
Usa alcohol puro para borrar el marcador permanente.Use pure alcohol to remove permanent marker.
b. solid (metal)
Este anillo de oro puro cuesta un medio millón de dólares.This solid gold ring costs half a million dollars.
c. clean (air)
Necesito irme de la ciudad para respirar aire puro.I need to leave the city to breathe clean air.
2. (emphatic)
a. pure
Encontré la billetera que perdiste de pura casualidad.I've found the wallet you lost by pure chance.
b. sheer
Gritó a todos en el cuarto de pura rabia.She screamed at everyone in the room out of sheer rage.
3. (religious)
a. pure
Dice que solo se va a casar con una mujer que sea pura.He says he will only get married to a woman who is pure.
b. chaste
El sacerdote cree que solamente un hombre y una mujer puros pueden experimentar el amor verdadero.The priest believes only chaste men and women can experience true love.
4. (exclusively)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. only
Mi amigo de Ghana cree que en los Estados Unidos hay puros ricos.My friend from Ghana believes that there are only rich people in the United States.
b. just
¿Dijo que yo le robé dinero? Son puras mentiras.He said I stole his money? That's just lies.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
5. (tobacco)
a. cigar
Mi padre siempre fuma puros habanos cuando juega al póquer.My father always smokes Cuban cigars when he is playing poker.
6.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(punishment)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Me metieron un puro por fumar en el baño.They threw the book at me for smoking in the bathroom.
¿No puedes usar el automóvil por seis meses? ¡Qué puro!You're not allowed to drive the car for six months? That sucks!
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