Quick answer
"Divorciad" is a form of "divorciar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to divorce". "Ser" is a copular verb which is often translated as "to be". Learn more about the difference between "divorciad" and "ser" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (legal)
a. to divorce
El juzgado local no está autorizado para divorciar a parejas extranjeras.The local courts are not authorized to divorce foreign couples.
2. (to dissociate)
a. to divorce
No se puede divorciar la música de las tradiciones culturales del pueblo.It's not possible to divorce the music from the cultural traditions of its people.
b. to separate
Por mucho que lo han intentado nuestros políticos, se ha vuelto casi imposible divorciar la iglesia del estado.As hard as our politicians have tried, it's become nearly impossible to separate Church and State.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to get separated)
a. to get divorced
Mi primo Gabriel se acaba de divorciar de la segunda esposa.My cousin Gabriel just got divorced from his second wife.
b. to get a divorce
El esposo de Sandra le dijo que ya no la ama, y que se quiere divorciar.Sandra's husband told her he doesn't love her anymore, and wants to get a divorce.
c. to divorce
Los papás de mi amiga se divorciaron después de treinta años de casados.My friend's parents divorced after thirty years of marriage.
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A copular verb links the subject of a clause to the predicate (e.g. My brother is tall).
1. (used to talk about characteristics)
a. to be
Sus ojos son azules.Her eyes are blue.
Mi abuelo es profesor.My grandpa is a teacher.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (used to indicate origin)
a. to be
Soy de Nueva York.I'm from New York.
3. (to serve as)
a. to be
El lápiz es para escribir, no para lanzar.Pencils are for writing, not for throwing.
4. (used to talk about prices)
a. to be
¿Cuánto quiere por este cuadro? - Son diez dólares.How much do you want for this picture? - It's ten dollars.
5. (to be composed of)
a. to be made of
El casillero antiguo de mi abuela es de roble.My grandma's antique dresser is made of oak.
6. (used to indicate possession)
a. to be
Este reloj es de mi madre.This watch is my mother's.
7. (to take place)
a. to be
La fiesta será en mi casa.The party will be at my place.
8. (to be associated with; used with "de")
a. to root for
Yo soy del mejor equipo del mundo: FC Barcelona.I root for the best team in the world: FC Barcelona.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
9. (used to express time)
a. to be
Son las siete de la mañana.It is seven in the morning.
Era de noche cuando llegaron.It was night when they arrived.
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
10. (with the passive voice)
a. to be
El edificio fue diseñado por un equipo de arquitectos.The building was built by a team of architects.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
11. (entity)
a. being
Hay un ser vivo en el lago, pero no sé qué es.There's a living being in the lake, but I don't know what it is.
12. (human)
a. person
Su papá es un ser muy agradable.Her dad is a very nice person.
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