Quick answer
"Disminuir" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to reduce", and "bajar" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to go down". Learn more about the difference between "disminuir" and "bajar" below.
disminuir(
dees
-
mee
-
nweer
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to lessen)
a. to reduce
Al tomar una curva, tienes que disminuir la velocidad.You have to reduce your speed when taking a bend.
b. to cut (expenses)
Nuestro objetivo es disminuir los gastos.Our aim is to cut expenses.
c. to bring down (prices)
Una mayor competencia les ha forzado a disminuir los precios.Increased competition has forced them to bring down their prices.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to lessen)
a. to decrease
Los precios han disminuido en un 20%.Prices have decreased by 20%.
b. to drop (level or quantity)
Se espera que las temperaturas disminuyan en los próximos días.Temperatures are expected to drop in the next few days.
c. to fall (level or quantity)
El tipo de interés disminuyó de un cinco a un cuatro por ciento.The rate of interest fell from five to four per cent.
d. to diminish (enthusiasm or power)
A pesar de las idas y venidas de la moda, su prestigio no ha disminuido.In spite of the comings and goings in fashion, its prestige hasn't diminished
e. to wane (enthusiasm or power)
El interés en ese tipo de libros está disminuyendo.Interest in that kind of book is waning.
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bajar(
bah
-
hahr
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to descend)
a. to go down
Baje a recepción y pregunte al conserje.Go down to reception and ask the concierge.
b. to come down
¿Podrías bajar al sótano?Could you come down to the basement?
2. (to decrease)
a. to fall
Ha bajado el precio de los tomates.Tomato prices have fallen.
b. to go down
La fiebre no le bajará sin medicación.His fever won't go down without medication.
c. to drop
Las exportaciones bajaron debido al crac bursátil.Exports have dropped due to the stock market crash.
3. (to descend from a vehicle)
a. to get off
Baja en la siguiente estación y ya estás en el centro.Get off at the next station, and you are downtown.
b. to get out
Baja en cuanto me pare en el semáforo.Get out as soon as I stop at the lights.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to descend)
a. to go down
Bajen la escalera con cuidado, hay un escalón roto.Be careful going down the stairs, one of the steps is broken.
b. to come down
¡Ten cuidado al bajar las escaleras, abuelo!Be careful when coming down the stairs, Grandpa!
5. (to bring down)
a. to get down
¿Me puede bajar la bolsa del compartimento?Could you get my bag down from the compartment?
b. to take down
¿Me bajarías ese libro de la estantería?Would you take that book down from the shelf for me?
c. to lower
Por favor baje las persianas; hay demasiada luz.Please lower the blinds; there is too much light.
6. (to incline downwards)
a. to drop
Cuando se lo dije, bajó la mirada avergonzado.When I told him, he dropped his eyes in shame.
7. (to decrease)
a. to lower
Tenemos que bajar nuestros gastos para ahorrar para la boda.We have to lower our expenses to save for the wedding.
b. to turn down
Si no bajan la música, nos vamos a otro bar.If they don't turn the music down, we'll go to another bar.
c. to bring down
La manera más eficaz de bajar la fiebre es darse un baño con agua fría.The most effective way to bring down a fever is taking a cool bath.
d. to reduce
El ejercicio bajará tus niveles de colesterol.Exercise will reduce your cholesterol levels.
8. (computing)
a. to download
Cuando bajas películas de manera ilegal, estás cometiendo un delito.You are committing a crime when you download movies illegally.
bajarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
9. (to descend from a vehicle)
a. to get off
Me bajo en la próxima parada.I get off at the next stop.
b. to get out
Tengan cuidado al bajarse del deportivo.Be careful when you get out of the sportscar.
10. (to stoop)
a. to bend down
Tengo una cita con el ortopeda porque cuando me bajo, me duelen las rodillas.I have an appointment with the orthopedist because when I bend down, my knees hurt.
11. (computing)
a. to download
Se han bajado un montón de música.They have downloaded lots of music.
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