Quick answer
"Devenir" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to become", and "ser" is a copular verb which is often translated as "to be". Learn more about the difference between "devenir" and "ser" below.
devenir(
deh
-
beh
-
neer
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to come to be)
a. to become
Mi sueño sería devenir actor de Hollywood.My dream would be to become a Hollywood actor.
b. to turn into
La ansiedad puede devenir en pánico si no se trata a tiempo.Anxiety can turn into panic if you don't treat it on time.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
2. (change)
a. transformation
El devenir de los acontecimientos ha provocado un cambio de planes.The transformation of events has caused a change of plans.
b. evolution
Los jóvenes no entienden que son ellos los responsables del devenir de su vida.Young people don't understand that they are responsible for the evolution of their lives.
c. development
La niñez es el periodo más importante del devenir mental de una persona.Childhood is the primary period of a person's mental development.
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ser(
sehr
)
A copular verb links the subject of a clause to the predicate (e.g. My brother is tall).
1. (used to talk about characteristics)
a. to be
Sus ojos son azules.Her eyes are blue.
Mi abuelo es profesor.My grandpa is a teacher.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (used to indicate origin)
a. to be
Soy de Nueva York.I'm from New York.
3. (to serve as)
a. to be
El lápiz es para escribir, no para lanzar.Pencils are for writing, not for throwing.
4. (used to talk about prices)
a. to be
¿Cuánto quiere por este cuadro? - Son diez dólares.How much do you want for this picture? - It's ten dollars.
5. (to be composed of)
a. to be made of
El casillero antiguo de mi abuela es de roble.My grandma's antique dresser is made of oak.
6. (used to indicate possession)
a. to be
Este reloj es de mi madre.This watch is my mother's.
7. (to take place)
a. to be
La fiesta será en mi casa.The party will be at my place.
8. (to be associated with; used with "de")
a. to root for
Yo soy del mejor equipo del mundo: FC Barcelona.I root for the best team in the world: FC Barcelona.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
9. (used to express time)
a. to be
Son las siete de la mañana.It is seven in the morning.
Era de noche cuando llegaron.It was night when they arrived.
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
10. (with the passive voice)
a. to be
El edificio fue diseñado por un equipo de arquitectos.The building was built by a team of architects.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
11. (entity)
a. being
Hay un ser vivo en el lago, pero no sé qué es.There's a living being in the lake, but I don't know what it is.
12. (human)
a. person
Su papá es un ser muy agradable.Her dad is a very nice person.
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