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Quick answer
"Destruir" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to destroy", and "destrozar" is a transitive verb which is also often translated as "to destroy". Learn more about the difference between "destruir" and "destrozar" below.
destruir(
dehs
-
trweer
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to ravage)
a. to destroy
Los niños destruyeron el castillo de arena.The kids destroyed the sand castle.
b. to demolish
Vamos a destruir estas dos casas y construir una nueva más grande.We are going to demolish these two houses and build a bigger one.
2. (to end)
a. to wreck
Las discusiones políticas destruyeron su amistad.Political arguments wrecked their friendship.
b. to destroy
El huracán destruyó sus planes de vacaciones.The hurricane destroyed their vacation plans.
c. to demolish
Dr. Banderas destruyó la hipótesis del Dr. Magallanes.Dr. Banderas demolished Dr. Magallanes' hypothesis.
d. to dash
La explosión esta mañana destruyó cualquier esperanza de una resolución pronta al conflicto.The explosion this morning dashed any hopes of a quick resolution to the conflict.
e. to shatter
El helicóptero se estrelló y destrozó la esperanza de John de ser rescatado.The helicopter crashed and shattered John's hope of being rescued.
f. to ruin
La foto comprometedora destruyó su candidatura.The compromising photo ruined his candidacy.
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destrozar(
dehs
-
troh
-
sahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to damage)
a. to destroy
Destrozaron el edificio para hacer una nueva construcción.The building was destroyed to make a new construction.
b. to smash
Estaba tan enojado que quería destrozar algo.I was so angry that I wanted to smash something.
c. to wreck
La compañía está destrozando los bosques.The company is wrecking the forests.
d. to ruin
Destrocé mi celular por haberlo mojado.I ruined my cell phone by getting it wet.
2. (to defeat morally)
a. to destroy
Averiguar que su novio estaba engañándola destrozó a Lucía por completo.Learning that her boyfriend was cheating on her destroyed Lucia completely.
b. to shatter
Con un comentario destrozaron mis ilusiones.With a single comment, they shattered my dreams.
c. to devastate
La noticia de la muerte de su mamá destrozó a Laura.The news of her mother's death devastated Laura.
d. to break
La esposa de Miguel le destrozó el corazón cuando le dijo que quería que se divorciaran.Miguel's wife broke his heart when she told him that she wanted a divorce.
e. to ruin
Mi incapacidad para encontrar un nuevo trabajo destrozó mi confianza en mí mismo.My inability to find a new job ruined my confidence.
f. to crush
Descubrir que no había conseguido el papel que quería en la obra destrozó a mi hermana.My sister was crushed when she found out that she didn't get the part she wanted in the play.
destrozarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to be damaged)
a. to be destroyed
En cuestión de minutos, el edificio se destrozó con la bola de demolición.The building was destroyed by the wrecking ball in a matter of minutes.
b. to smash
El florero se cayó de la mesa y se destrozó en mil pedazos.The vase fell from the table and it smashed into a thousand pieces.
c. to be ruined
Todos los muebles en el sótano se destrozaron por la inundación.All the furniture in the basement was ruined by the flood.
d. to fall apart
Vas a tener que comprar ropa nueva. Todo lo que tienes se está destrozando.You're going to have to buy new clothes. Everything you have is falling apart.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
4. (to harm's one's body)
a. to ruin
Si no dejas de beber tanto, vas a destrozarte el hígado.If you don't stop drinking so much, you're going to ruin your liver.
b. to damage
Se destrozó la pleura, porque se negó a dejar el cigarrillo.He damaged the lining of his lungs, because he refused to quit smoking.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
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