Quick answer
"Desperdiciar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to waste", and "perder" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to lose". Learn more about the difference between "desperdiciar" and "perder" below.
desperdiciar(
dehs
-
pehr
-
dee
-
syahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to throw away)
a. to waste
Para no desperdiciar papel, enviamos las circulares por correo electrónico.In order to not waste paper, we send the memos via email.
b. to squander
Desperdició la herencia en el casino.She squandered her inheritance at the casino.
2. (to lose)
a. to waste
Me arrepiento de haber desperdiciado la mejor oportunidad laboral de mi vida.I regret wasting the best work opportunity I've ever had.
b. to miss
No puedes desperdiciar la ocasión de asistir a ese congreso.You can't miss the opportunity to attend that conference.
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perder(
pehr
-
dehr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to misplace)
a. to lose
¿Cuántas veces has perdido tu celular?How many times have you lost your cellphone?
2. (to be defeated)
a. to lose
Si perdemos otro partido, no nos clasificaremos para la final.If we lose another match, we will not qualify for the finals.
3. (to throw away)
a. to miss
Perdiste la oportunidad de conseguir una entrada gratis.You missed the chance to get a free ticket.
b. to waste
Le hiciste perder demasiado tiempo.You made him waste so much time.
4. (not to catch)
a. to miss
El atasco me hizo perder el vuelo.The traffic jam made me miss my flight.
5. (to reduce)
a. to lose
Va perdiendo peso poco a poco.He's steadily losing weight.
6. (to lose to death or destruction)
a. to lose
Perdimos mucho por la guerra.We lost so much in the war.
7. (to leak)
a. to lose
Mi calentador sigue perdiendo agua.My boiler keeps losing water.
perderse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
8. (to fail to find the way)
a. to get lost
Mi perro se perdió en el bosque.My dog got lost in the woods.
9. (to not understand)
a. to be lost
No presté atención y ahora me perdí.I didn't pay attention and now I'm lost.
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