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Quick answer
"Desenvolverse" is a pronominal verb which is often translated as "to unfold", and "perseverar" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to persevere". Learn more about the difference between "desenvolverse" and "perseverar" below.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
1. (to occur)
a. to unfold (plot)
La trama del libro se desenvolvía fluidamente y los personajes eran interesantes.The plot of the book unfolded fluidly and the characters were interesting.
b. to progress
La emisión se desenvolvió con normalidad pese al pequeño terremoto.The broadcast progressed normally in spite of the minor earthquake.
c. to develop
La obra se desenvolvió sin problemas pese al fallo técnico inicial.The play developed without any problem in spite of the initial technical issue.
2. (to deal with)
a. to manage
Me sorprendió lo bien que se desenvolvía María en el escenario.I was surprised of how well Maria managed on stage.
b. to get along
Aunque el profesor era nuevo, se desenvolvió muy bien con los alumnos.Even though the teacher was new, he got along with the students very well.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to unpack)
a. to unwrap
En cuanto empecé a desenvolver el paquete, me di cuenta de lo que era.As soon as I started to unwrap the package, I realized what it was.
¡Mira! Hay un regalo debajo del árbol que falta desenvolver.Look! There's a present under the tree that we still have to unwrap.
4. (to untangle)
a. to unravel
El jersey de lana que tejaba no me estaba quedando bien, así que lo desenvolví.The wool sweater that I was knitting did not look good, so I unravelled it.
b. to disentangle
La profesora de costura me pidió que desenvolviera los hilos con nudos.The sewing teacher asked me to disentangle the knotted threads.
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An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to be persistent)
a. to persevere
Las matemáticas son difíciles, pero si perseveras acabarás aprobando.Math is hard, but if you persevere you'll pass eventually.
b. to persist
Persevera en su opinión de que la violencia no es la respuesta.He persists in his belief that violence is not the answer.
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