Quick answer
"Descansen" is a form of "descansar", an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to rest". "Carguen" is a form of "cargar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to load". Learn more about the difference between "descansen" and "carguen" below.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to take a break)
a. to rest
Tienes que descansar diez minutos por cada cuatro horas de trabajo.You need to rest ten minutes for every four hours worked.
b. to have off
Últimamente tengo mucho trabajo y solo descanso los domingos.I have a lot of work on lately and only have Sundays off.
2. (to be asleep)
a. to sleep
No pude descansar anoche.I couldn't sleep last night.
b. to nap
Él descansó un rato después de almorzar.He napped a while after eating lunch.
3. (to be buried)
a. to rest
En este lugar las almas desafortunadas pueden descansar en paz.This is a place where unfortunate souls can rest in peace.
4. (agriculture)
a. to rest
El campo descansa un año entero cada tres años.The field rests for a full year once every three years.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to make full)
a. to load
Apúrense a cargar el carro para poder comenzar nuestras vacaciones.Hurry up and load the car so we can begin our vacation.
b. to fill
Mónica cargó el tanque antes de salir de la ciudad de vacaciones con su familia.Monica filled the tank before leaving town on vacation with her family.
2. (weaponry)
a. to load
Ronaldo cargó su pistola y apuntó al blanco.Ronaldo loaded his gun and pointed it at the target.
3. (electronics)
a. to charge
Asegúrate de cargar tu celular antes de salir.Make sure to charge your cellphone before heading out.
4. (to have with)
a. to carry
Acúerdate de cargar tu pasaporte cuando viajes a Asia.Remember to carry your passport when you travel to Asia.
5. (to use)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. to wear
¿Desde cuándo cargas lentes Felipe? - Desde que cumplí 40.Since when do you wear glasses Felipe? - Since I turned 40.
6. (finance)
a. to charge
Voy a cargar todos los regalos en mi tarjeta de crédito.I'm going to charge all my gifts on my credit card.
7. (to accuse)
a. to blame
Quieren cargarle la culpa a Claudia, pero el verdadero responsable es Ricardo.They want to blame Claudia, but the real culprit is Ricardo.
8. (to fill to excess)
a. to overdo
Cargaste la salsa teriyaki de azúcar.You overdid the sugar in your teriyaki sauce.
9. (to influence)
a. to fill
Cargaste su cabeza de ilusiones. Nunca podrás cumplir todo eso.You filled his head with illusions. You’ll never be able to achieve all of that.
10. (computing)
a. to load
¿Te ayudo a cargar el nuevo sistema operativo en tu computadora?Shall I help you load the new operating system on your computer?
11. (to charge with responsibility)
a. to burden
El papá de Alex le cargó mucha responsabilidad desde la muerte de su madre.Alex’s dad burdened him with a lot of responsibilities after his mother’s death.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(to fail)
a. to flunk
El profesor cargó media clase el semestre pasado.The teacher flunked half his class last semester.
13. (dice)
a. to load
No te preocupes. Voy a ganar porque cargué los dados.Don’t worry. I’m going to win because I loaded the dice.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
14. (to bring)
a. to carry
El botones cargó con nuestro equipaje y nos condujo a la habitación.The bellboy carried our luggage, and guided us to our room.
15. (to take on)
a. to bear
Dora empezó a cargar con todos los gastos cuando su esposo estaba desempleado.Dora began to bear all the expenses when her husband was unemployed.
b. to take
Tomás cargó con la culpa del accidente para que no llevaran a su esposa a la cárcel.Tomas took the blame for the accident so they wouldn't put his wife in jail.
16. (to attack)
a. to charge
El toro rompió la barrera y cargó contra la multitud.The bull broke the barrier and charged at the crowd.
17. (architecture)
a. to be supported by
El dintel se carga en dos pilares de mármol.The lintel is supported by two marble pillars.
b. to rest on
El puente se carga en una docena de pilares masivos para apoyar el peso del tráfico.The bridge rests on a dozen massive pillars to support the weight of the traffic.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
18. (computing)
a. to load
Tengo una conexión lenta y se va a tardar un rato para cargarse.I have a slow connection and it will take a while to load.
19. (electronics)
a. to charge
Las pilas se cargaron por completo durante la noche.The batteries fully charged overnight.
b. to become charged
Las partículas de gas de la termósfera se cargan de energía del sol.Gas particles in the thermosphere become charged by energy from the sun.
20. (to make full)
a. to fill up
El tanque se carga en unos dos o tres minutos.The tank fills up in two or three minutes.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(to kill)
a. to take out
A very informal word or phrase used by a particular group or community as a substitute for standard language (e.g. joint, john).
Se lo cargaron unos mafiosos a los que debía mucho dinero.Some mafiosi he owed a lot of money to took him out.
b. to bump off
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
El pozolero se cargaba a sus víctimas metiéndolas en barriles de ácido.The pozolero bumped off his victims by putting them in barrels of acid.
c. to whack
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Se cargó a sus compinches para quedarse con todo el botín.He whacked his accomplices to keep all the loot.
22. (to bother)
a. to bug
Ese político no es más que un fanfarrón que goza cargarle a la gente decente.That politician is nothing more than a show-off who enjoys bugging decent people.
b. to get on someone's nerves
Me carga que hayan escogido a un pedante para dar la oratoria de la graduación.It gets on my nerves that they chose a pedant to give the graduation speech.
23. (to be burdened by)
a. to fill
El salón de póker se cargó del humo de habanos.The poker salon filled with the smoke of cigars.
b. to shoulder
Rebecca se cargó con los quehaceres domésticos desde que su mamá se enfermó.Rebecca shouldered the household chores since her mother became ill.
c. to have
Se cargó de hijos, y no hacía nada más que lavar, planchar y cocinar.She had several children, and did nothing more than wash, iron, and cook.
24. (to destroy)
a. to break
El perro estaba jugando y se cargó el juguete.The dog was playing and broke the toy.
b. to ruin
Estuvo mal el alcalde anterior, pero por lo menos no se cargó el pueblo como el actual.The last mayor was bad, but at least he didn’t ruin the town like the current one.
c. to smash
Se cargó el jarrón que estaba en la mesa cuando empezó a temblar la Tierra.The vase that was on the table smashed when the Earth started to shake.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(to fail)
a. to flunk
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
La clase de química orgánica es tan difícil que casi todos se cargan.The organic chemistry class is so hard that almost everyone flunks.
b. to fail
¿Cómo que te cargaste en la clase de arte?What do you mean you failed art class?
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