Quick answer
"Derrotar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to defeat", and "derrota" is a noun which is often translated as "defeat". Learn more about the difference between "derrotar" and "derrota" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to vanquish)
a. to defeat (an army or team)
No resultó difícil derrotar a un ejército ya derrotado por el frío extremo.It wasn't difficult to defeat an army already defeated by the extreme cold.
b. to beat (a team)
Nuestro equipo derrotó a su contrincante con 3-0.Our team beat its opponent 3-0.
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A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (loss)
a. defeat
El equipo sufrió su primera derrota en su quinto partido.The team suffered its first defeat on their fifth game.
2. (nautical)
a. course
Tenemos que ajustar la derrota para evitar los icebergs.We need to adjust our course in order to avoid the icebergs.
3. (route)
Regionalism used in Spain
a. path
Camina un kilómetro por la derrota saliendo de la aldea hacia el sur.Walk a kilometer along the path out of the village to the south.
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