Quick answer
"Derivar" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to derive from", and "surgir" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to arise". Learn more about the difference between "derivar" and "surgir" below.
derivar(
deh
-
ree
-
bahr
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to originate from; used with "de")
a. to derive from
La celebración de la Navidad deriva del festival romano de la Saturnalia.Christmas celebrations derive from the Roman festival of Saturnalia.
b. to come from
Mi miedo a los perros deriva de una mala experiencia de pequeña.My fear of dogs comes from a bad experience when I was a child.
c. to arise from
La mayoría de los problemas que tuvo el negocio derivaron de la falta de capital.Most of the business's problems arose from lack of capital.
d. to stem from
La pasión de Nacho por el óleo deriva de su afición por experimentar.Nacho's passion for oil painting stems from his love of experimenting.
2. (to culminate; used with "en")
a. to result in
La guerra civil derivó en la división del país en varios territorios.The civil war resulted in the country's division into different territories.
b. to lead to
Este escándalo podría derivar en la remoción del funcionario de su cargo.This scandal could lead to the removal of the official from his post.
c. to end in
Se espera que las reuniones derivarán en la firma de un acuerdo.It is hoped that the meetings will end in the signing of an agreement.
3. (to change direction)
a. to turn
Su disconformidad con la nueva política del partido la llevó a derivar hacia la izquierda.Her disagreement with the party's new policy caused her to turn toward the left.
4. (nautical)
a. to drift
El barco derivó a causa de la marejada.The ship drifted because of the heavy swell.
5. (linguistics)
a. to derive from
La palabra "economía" deriva de la palabra griega "oikonomos".The word "economy" derives from the Greek word "oikonomos."
b. to come from
La palabra "yoga" deriva de la raíz "yuj", que significa "unión".The word "yoga" comes from the root "yuj," which means "union."
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
6. (electricity)
a. to shunt
El regulador está derivando la corriente hacia el acumulador.The regulator is shunting the current towards the accumulator.
7. (to reroute)
a. to divert
El policía derivó el tráfico de la carretera tras el accidente.The policeman diverted the traffic off the road after the accident.
8. (mathematics)
a. to derive
El profesor de matemáticas explicó una regla para derivar funciones.The math teacher explained a rule for deriving functions.
9. (to direct)
a. to steer
Marta derivó la conversación hacia otro tema para no tener que dar su opinión.Marta steered the conversation toward another subject so as not to have to give an opinion.
derivarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
10. (to begin)
a. to arise
Los celos de Juan se derivaron de la actitud cariñosa de su novia con otros.Juan's jealousy arose from his girlfriend being affectionate with other men.
11. (linguistics)
a. to derive from
La palabra "almohada" se deriva del árabe.The Spanish word "almohada" derives from the Arabic.
b. to be derived from
"Holos" y "kaustos" son las dos palabras griegas de las cuales se deriva "holocausto"."Holos" and "kaustos" are the two Greek words from which "holocaust" is derived.
c. to come from
La expresión "cantar las cuarenta" se deriva del juego del tute.The expression "cantar las cuarenta" comes from the card game called "tute."
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surgir(
soor
-
heer
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to materialize)
a. to arise
El cirujano puede solucionar cualquier complicación que surja durante la operación.The surgeon can address any complications that may arise during surgery.
b. to come up
Si surgiera algún problema mientras estamos fuera, llámanos de inmediato.If a problem were to come up while we are away, call us immediately.
c. to emerge
De nuestra discusión de la tarde surgieron varias ideas buenas.Several good ideas emerged from our afternoon discussion.
d. to appear
El carro surgió de la nada y no me dio tiempo de girar para evitarlo.The car appeared out of nowhere and I didn't have time to swerve to avoid it.
2. (to rise up)
a. to spring forth
Cuando la perforadora perforó la tierra, surgió una corriente constante de agua.When the drilling machine pierced the earth, a steady stream of water sprang forth.
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