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Quick answer
"Denso" is an adjective which is often translated as "dense", and "a" is a preposition which is often translated as "to". Learn more about the difference between "denso" and "a" below.
denso(
dehn
-
soh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (compact)
a. dense
Los bomberos atravesaron una densa masa de humo para rescatar al anciano.The firefighters went throught a dense mass of smoke to rescue the old man.
b. thick
El bosque tenía una vegetación tan densa que no se podía apenas caminar.The forest had such a thick vegetation that it was really hard to walk through.
2. (physics)
a. dense
El mercurio líquido es mucho más denso que el agua y por eso pesa más.Liquid mercury is much denser than water and so it weighs more.
3. (difficult to follow)
a. dense
"Guerra y paz" es un libro muy denso y por eso hay quien se aburre y deja de leerlo."War and Peace" is a very dense book and some people get bored and stop reading it.
b. heavy going
El contrato es muy denso. Tenemos que leerlo detenidamente antes de firmarlo.The contract is really heavy going. We have to read it carefully before signing it.
4. (slow)
a. heavy
El denso tráfico hizo que Juan llegara tarde a la reunión.The heavy traffic made Juan late for the meeting.
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a(
ah
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (used to indicate direction)
a. to
Ve a tu habitación.Go to your room.
2. (used to indicate position)
a. to
A la izquierda puedes ver el parque.To your left you can see the park.
3. (used to indicate an exact moment)
a. at
Saldremos al amanecer.We will leave at dawn.
4. (used to indicate mode)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Podía respirar a duras penas.He was hardly able to breathe.
5. (the personal "a")
a. to
No te olvides de escribir a tus abuelos.Don't forget to write to your grandparents.
6. (used to give orders)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
¡A fregar los platos!Go do the dishes!
¡A la cama!Off to bed!
7. (used with quantities)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Me encantaría ganar dinero a espuertas.I would love to earn lots of money.
Llovía a cántaros.It was pouring.
8. (used to express purpose)
a. to
Vino a saludar.He came to say hello.
9. (used to express frequency)
a. per
Trabajo ocho horas al día.I work eight hours per day.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
10. (letter)
a. a
Ese adjetivo debe terminar con una a.That adjective should end in an a.
11. (music)
a. A
El pianista tocó una A.The pianist played an A.
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