Quick answer
"Decir" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to say", and "venir" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to come". Learn more about the difference between "decir" and "venir" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to speak)
a. to say
¿Qué dijiste? No te escuché.What did you say? I couldn't hear you.
b. to tell
¿Jura decir la verdad?Do you swear to tell the truth?
2. (to give an opinion)
a. to say
¿Qué dices de la nueva ley de transporte?What do you say about the new law on transportation?
b. to think
¿Y qué dices tú del asunto?What do you think about the whole issue?
c. to believe
¿Quién hubiera dicho que Juliana y Gustavo acabarían juntos?Who would have believed that Juliana and Gustavo would end up together?
3. (to be rumored)
a. to say
Dicen que va a nevar mañana.They say it's going to snow tomorrow.
4. (to transmit orders)
a. to tell
Dile a tu hermano que haga sus tareas.Tell your brother to do his homework.
b. to say
Mamá dijo que nos teníamos que acostar.Mom said we had to go to sleep.
5. (to narrate)
a. to recite
Ahora voy a decir un poema nuevo que escribí sobre el amor perdido.Now I will recite a poem I wrote about lost love.
6. (to signify)
a. to tell
El que no lo interese planear la boda me dice que Jorge no está listo para casarse.The fact that he's not interested in planning the wedding tells me Jorge's not ready to get married.
7. (to be indicated in text)
a. to say
La Biblia dice que uno debe amar al prójimo.The Bible says we should love our neighbor.
8. (religious)
a. to say (mass)
Después de decir la homilía, el sacerdote reparte la comunión.After the priest says the homily, he hands out Communion.
9. (to invite to speak)
a. to go ahead
¿Le puedo pedir un favor? - ¡Claro! Dime, ¿en qué lo puedo ayudar?Can I ask a favor of you? - Of course! Go ahead, how can I help you?
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
10. (used to answer the phone)
Regionalism used in Spain
a. hello (interjection)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
11. (proverb)
a. saying
"De tal palo, tal astilla" es un decir popular."Like father, like son" is a popular saying.
12. (form of expression)
a. manner of speaking
¡No te enfades, mujer! Es solo un decir.Come on, don't get annoyed! It's just a manner of speaking.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
13. (to promise oneself)
a. to tell oneself
Me dije que no volvería a empezar a fumar.I told myself that I wouldn't start smoking again.
b. to say to oneself
Me dije a mí misma, esto no sienta bien.I said to myself, this doesn't feel right.
c. to think to oneself
Me sigo diciendo, ¿qué hubiera pasado si hubiera aceptado ese trabajo?I keep thinking to myself, what would have happened had I taken that job?
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
14. (to label)
a. to call
En Puerto Rico a la basura se le dice "zafacón".In Puerto Rico, the trash is called "zafacón."
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An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to move from one place to another)
a. to come
El tren viene de Andalucía.The train comes from Andalusia.
b. to arrive
Ella vino en el vuelo de las 9pm.She arrived on the 9pm flight.
2. (to return)
a. to come back
Vine a la casa para almorzar.I came back home for lunch.
b. to be back
El perro vendrá cuando tenga hambre.The dog will be back when it's hungry.
3. (to be a native of)
a. to be from
Gabriel viene de México.Gabriel is from Mexico.
4. (to be available)
a. to be
Los subtítulos de la película vienen en inglés.The subtitles for the movie are in English.
b. to come
Esta comida viene ya hecha.This food comes pre-made.
5. (to occur)
a. to come
¡Ya mismo viene la Navidad!Christmas is coming soon!
b. to come up
Tu cumpleaños viene ya mismo.Your birthday is coming up soon.
6. (to be overcome by)
a. to get
Me viene sueño en el trabajo después de almorzar.I get drowsy at work after having lunch.
A nosotros nos vino una gripe terrible.We got a terrible flu.
7. (used to indicate the future)
a. to come
Lo mejor está por venir.The best is yet to come.
Ahora viene la escena que me gusta.The scene I like is coming up.
b. next (followed by a timeframe)
La semana que viene estaré trabajando desde casa.I'll be working from home next week.
El año que viene visitaremos Japón.Next year we're traveling to Japan.
8. (to befit)
a. to look (physical appearance)
¿Me viene bien este peinado?Does this hairstyle look good on me?
b. to suit
¿Te viene bien encontrarnos en el restaurante?Does meeting at the restaurant suit you?
c. to be
Creo que este vestido me viene muy grande.I think this dress is too big on me.
d. to come
Estas botas me vendrán bien cuando haya mucha nieve.These boots will come in handy when it's snowy out.
e. to do
Unas largas vacaciones me vendrían bien.A long vacation would do me nicely.
9. (to indicate meaning)
a. to mean
¿A qué vienes con decir eso?What do you mean by saying that?
10. (to stop by for someone or something; used with "por" or "a por")
a. to pick up
Avísale a Sofía que sus amigas han venido por ella.Tell Sofia her friends have come to pick her up.
b. to come to pick up
El mensajero ha venido a por el contrato.The messenger has come to pick up the contract.
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
11. (before the gerund)
a. to come in
Ellos vinieron cantando.They came in singing.
12. (before participle)
a. to come
Ella vino cansada del trabajo.She came back from work tired.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
13. (used to express encouragement in sports)
a. come on
¡Venga portero!Come on goalie!
14. (used to express encouragement socially)
a. come on
¡Venga! Vamos a la fiesta. No seas pesada.Come on! Let's go to the party. Don't be a bore.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
15. (to move from one place to another)
a. to come
Se vino una tormenta mientras nadábamos en la playa.A storm came upon us as we swam at the beach.
El perro se vino sin ser llamado.The dog came without being called.
16. (to return)
a. to come back
Se vino solo de la fiesta.He came back alone from the party.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
a. to come
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
Se vino en tan solo unos minutos.She came in just a few minutes.
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