Quick answer
"Débil" is an adjective which is often translated as "weak", and "fuerte" is an adjective which is often translated as "strong". Learn more about the difference between "débil" and "fuerte" below.
débil(
deh
-
beel
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (without strength)
a. weak
Mi hijo es de constitución más bien débil.My son has a rather weak constitution.
2. (recovering from an illness)
a. weak
Cuando salió del hospital todavía se encontraba muy débil.He was still feeling very weak when he left hospital.
b. feeble
La enfermedad la ha dejado muy débil.The illness has left her very feeble.
3. (lacking character)
a. weak
Su marido es muy débil de carácter.Her husband has a very weak character.
4. (not intense)
a. weak
En mi habitación la señal de wifi es muy débil.The wifi signal is very weak in my room.
b. dim (light)
La luz de la vela era débil.The light of the candle was dim.
c. faint (sound)
En la distancia, se escuchaba el débil sonido de unos pasos que se alejaban.The faint sound of footsteps moving away could be heard in the distance.
5. (finance)
a. weak (currency or economy)
Su moneda se ha devaluado y en estos momentos es muy débil.Its currency has fallen and is now very weak.
6. (unsound)
a. weak (argument or excuse)
Se sirven de la débil excusa del bien común para aplicar medidas draconianas.They use the weak excuse of the common good to apply draconian measures.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
7. (person)
a. weak-willed person
Es un débil y su mujer lo maneja a su antojo.He's a weak-willed person and his wife manipulates him as she likes.
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fuerte(
fwehr
-
teh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (robust)
a. strong
Está muy fuerte desde que empezó a levantar pesas.She is very strong since she started lifting weights.
b. sturdy
Tuvieron que construir una reja muy fuerte porque su perro rottweiler es enorme.They had to build a very sturdy fence because their Rottweiler is enormous.
2. (intense)
a. strong (flavor)
Algunos quesos franceses son muy fuertes.Some French cheeses are very strong.
b. heavy (rain)
La carretera está cerrada por las fuertes lluvias.The road is blocked due to the heavy rains.
c. loud (noise)
Oyó un golpe fuerte en la puerta de entrada.He heard a loud bang at the front gate.
d. bright (color)
La camisa del uniforme es rojo fuerte.The uniform shirt is bright red.
e. big (hug, kiss)
Te mando un abrazo muy fuerte desde España.I'm sending you a big hug from Spain.
3. (filling)
a. heavy
Debemos comer algo fuerte antes de hacer senderismo.We should eat something heavy before hiking.
4. (shocking)
a. disturbing
La película tenía escenas muy fuertes.The film had some very disturbing scenes.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
5. (with great force)
a. hard
Le pegó muy fuerte, así que irá a la cárcel.He hit her hard, so he will go to jail.
6. (at elevated volume)
a. loudly
Por favor, hable fuerte para que pueda oírle con este ruido.Please, speak loudly so I can hear you with all this noise.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
7. (military)
a. fort
Este es el fuerte más viejo del país.This is the oldest fort in the country.
8. (specialty)
a. forte
Mi fuerte es cocinar comida mexicana.My forte is cooking Mexican food.
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