Quick answer
"Deber" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to owe", and "explorar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to explore". Learn more about the difference between "deber" and "explorar" below.
deber(
deh
-
behr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to reciprocate)
a. to owe
El dinero que me debe cubriría mis facturas.The money he owes me would cover my bills.
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
2. (used to express obligation)
a. must (used with an infinitive)
Debo ser responsable.I must be responsible.
b. have to
Ya sabes que debes ponerte la corbata para ir al colegio.You know you have to wear your tie to go to school.
c. should
Los culpables de delitos viales deben ser sancionados.Traffic offenders should be punished.
d. ought to
Deberías ser más amable con los vecinos.You ought to be more polite with our neighbors.
3. (used to express possibility)
a. must (used with an infinitive)
¿Cuántos años tiene tu profesora de francés? - Debe tener unos cuarenta.How old is your French teacher? - She must be around forty.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
4. (responsibility)
a. duty
Es mi deber proteger mi país.It's my duty to protect my country.
b. obligation
Es tu deber como madre cuidar a tus hijos.It's your obligation as a mother to take care of your children.
deberes
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
5. (education)
a. homework
Tengo un montón de deberes que hacer este fin de semana.I have a ton of homework to do this weekend.
deberse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
6. (to be the result of; used with "a")
a. to be due to
Esta situación se debe a la falta de información.This situation is due to a lack of information.
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explorar(
ehks
-
ploh
-
rahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to travel over)
a. to explore
Ir a pie a todas partes es la mejor manera de explorar la ciudad.Walking everywhere is the best way to explore the city.
b. to scout
Nuestro plan es explorar el río que atraviesa el bosque.Our plan is to scout the river that goes through the woods.
2. (military)
a. to scout
Explorar la posición del enemigo nos dará una ventaja sobre él.Scouting the enemy's position will give us an advantage over him.
b. to reconnoiter (an area or the terrain)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Un grupo de soldados fue enviado a explorar la zona.A group of soldiers was sent to reconnoiter the area.
c. reconnoitre (an area or the terrain) (United Kingdom)
Es necesario explorar el terreno antes de seguir avanzando.It's necessary to reconnoitre the terrain before we continue advancing.
d. to scan (with a radar)
Estaban explorando la playa en busca de explosivos.They were scanning the beach looking for explosives.
3. (to search for minerals)
a. to prospect
En esa época eran muchos los que exploraban la región en busca de oro.At that time many prospected the region searching for gold.
4. (medicine)
a. to examine (a patient, a wound, an organ)
Para hacer un diagnóstico, un doctor necesita explorar al paciente.A doctor needs to examine the patient in order to make a diagnosis.
b. to probe (a wound)
La doctora le exploró la herida para determinar su gravedad.The doctor probed her wound to determine how serious it was.
c. to explore (an organ)
Un ultrasonido nos permitirá explorar el hígado y descartar posibles metástasis.An ultrasound will allow us to explore the liver and discard potential metastases.
5. (to weigh up)
a. to explore
Me encontraba estancada y el psicoanálisis me ayudó a explorar nuevas posibilidades.I felt stuck and psychoanalysis allowed me to explore new possibilities.
b. to investigate
Convendría explorar la situación antes de tomar una decisión en firme.It would be advisable to investigate the situation before making a firm decision.
c. to test (a market)
Exploramos continuamente el mercado en busca de nuevas oportunidades.We continuously test the market in search for new opportunities.
6. (to analyze)
a. to examine
Este estudio explora las causas del calentamiento global.This study examines the causes of global warming.
b. to investigate
El objetivo de mi investigación es explorar los efectos del alcohol a largo plazo.The aim of my research is to investigate the long-term effects of alcohol.
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