Quick answer
"Debajo" is an adverb which is often translated as "underneath", and "bajo" is an adjective which is often translated as "short". Learn more about the difference between "debajo" and "bajo" below.
debajo(
deh
-
bah
-
hoh
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (below)
a. underneath
Antes de poner la carne en la parrilla, pon un plato debajo para colectar el aceite.Before you put the meat on the grill, put a dish underneath to catch the grease.
b. beneath
El océano es grande y nadie sabe lo que hay debajo.The ocean is vast and nobody knows what lies beneath.
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bajo(
bah
-
hoh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (not tall)
a. short (person)
Es un poco bajo para su edad.He is a bit short for his age.
b. low (object)
Esta mesa es demasiado baja para trabajar bien.This table is too low to work comfortably.
2. (reduced)
a. low
Estamos probando una dieta de comida baja en calorías.We are trying out a low-calorie diet.
3. (inferior)
a. low
No quiero comprar nada que sea de baja calidad.I don't want to buy anything that is low quality.
4. (position)
a. ground
El departamento de papelería está en la planta baja.The stationery department is on the ground floor.
5. (phase)
a. late
La reforma protestante llegó a su climax en la baja Edad Media.The Protestant Reformation reached its climax in the late Middle Ages.
6. (sound)
a. faint
Oí un ruido bajo que venía del sótano.I heard a faint noise coming from the cellar.
7. (territory)
a. low
El nombre de Holanda, o los Países Bajos, en inglés literalmente significa "país bajo".The Netherlands, or the Low Countries, in English literally means "low country."
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
8. (music)
a. bass
Mi hermano toca el bajo en una banda.My brother plays bass in a band.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
9. (underneath)
a. under
Lleva el sombrero bajo el brazo.He carries his hat under his arm.
10. (in the control of)
a. under
Bajo Castro, todas las salidas estaban bajo vigilancia.Under Castro, all exits were under surveillance.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
11. (in flight)
a. low
Mira qué bajo están volando los pájaros.Look at how low the birds are flying.
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