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Quick answer
"Debajo de" is a phrase which is often translated as "under", and "bajo" is an adjective which is often translated as "short". Learn more about the difference between "debajo de" and "bajo" below.
debajo de(
deh
-
bah
-
hoh
 
deh
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (prepositional)
a. under
Escondió todos los regalos navideños debajo de la cama.She hid all the Christmas gifts under the bed.
b. underneath
El ladrón escondió la botella robada debajo de su abrigo.The thief hid the stolen bottle underneath his coat.
c. beneath
Hay catacumbas que se pueden visitar debajo de las calles de París.There are catacombs that you can visit beneath the streets of Paris.
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bajo(
bah
-
hoh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (not tall)
a. short (person)
Es un poco bajo para su edad.He is a bit short for his age.
b. low (object)
Esta mesa es demasiado baja para trabajar bien.This table is too low to work comfortably.
2. (reduced)
a. low
Estamos probando una dieta de comida baja en calorías.We are trying out a low-calorie diet.
3. (inferior)
a. low
No quiero comprar nada que sea de baja calidad.I don't want to buy anything that is low quality.
4. (position)
a. ground
El departamento de papelería está en la planta baja.The stationery department is on the ground floor.
5. (phase)
a. late
La reforma protestante llegó a su climax en la baja Edad Media.The Protestant Reformation reached its climax in the late Middle Ages.
6. (sound)
a. faint
Oí un ruido bajo que venía del sótano.I heard a faint noise coming from the cellar.
7. (territory)
a. low
El nombre de Holanda, o los Países Bajos, en inglés literalmente significa "país bajo".The Netherlands, or the Low Countries, in English literally means "low country."
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
8. (music)
a. bass
Mi hermano toca el bajo en una banda.My brother plays bass in a band.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
9. (underneath)
a. under
Lleva el sombrero bajo el brazo.He carries his hat under his arm.
10. (in the control of)
a. under
Bajo Castro, todas las salidas estaban bajo vigilancia.Under Castro, all exits were under surveillance.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
11. (in flight)
a. low
Mira qué bajo están volando los pájaros.Look at how low the birds are flying.
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