Quick answer
"Dar de baja" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "to have disconnected", and "anular" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to cancel". Learn more about the difference between "dar de baja" and "anular" below.
dar de baja(
dahr
 
deh
 
bah
-
hah
)
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to ask to stop)
a. to have disconnected (electricity, gas, telephone)
Nadie vive en la casa ya, así que dimos de baja la luz y el gas.No one lives in the house any more, so we had the electricity and gas disconnected.
2. (computing)
a. to unsubscribe
Deseo dar de baja mi cuenta de su lista de correo.I wish to unsuscribe from your mailing list.
b. to deregister
Los usuarios que no respeten las normas de cortesía serán dados de baja de este foro de discusión.Users who don't comply with the rules of netiquette will be deregistered from this forum.
3. (to formally end)
a. to dissolve (company)
Tras varios meses de pérdidas, tuvimos que dar de baja la empresa.We had to dissolve the company after a few months of losses.
4. (to cancel the membership of)
a. to expel
Los socios que no pagen regularmente su cuota serán dados de baja.Members who don't pay their dues regularly will be expelled.
5. (to end the employment of)
a. to fire
La empresa me dio de baja y estoy en el desempleo.The company fired me and I'm unemployed.
b. to dismiss
Si su compañía lo da de baja, acuda a un buen abogado.If you're dismissed by your company, get a good lawyer.
c. to lay off
Miles de trabajadores fueron dados de baja en el sector de la minería en el último año.Thousands of workers of the mining industry were laid off in the last year.
d. to discharge (military)
El ejército lo dio de baja por no considerarlo ya apto para el servicio.He was discharged from the army on the grounds of being no longer fit for service.
6. (to grant absence from work)
a. to grant sick leave
En este país, el médico puede darte de baja por enfermedad.The doctor can grant you sick leave in this country.
b. to grant maternity leave
La empresa dio de baja a Lucía por maternidad.The company granted Lucia maternity leave.
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anular(
ah
-
noo
-
lahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to call off)
a. to cancel
Tuve que anular el viaje por motivos personales.I had to cancel the trip due to personal circumstances.
2. (legal)
a. to annul
El matrimonio fue anulado porque una de las partes seguía legalmente casada con otra persona.The marriage was annulled because one of the parties was still legally married to another person.
b. to repeal
El proyecto de ley busca anular la ley que restringe el acceso completo a Internet.The bill aims to repeal the legislation that restricts full access to the internet.
c. to rescind
Ambas partes acordaron anular el contrato.Both parties agreed to rescind the contract.
d. to declare null and void
El testamento fue anulado por el tribunal.The court declared the will null and void.
e. to cancel
El contrato fue anulado debido al incumplimiento de una de las partes.The contract was canceled as a result of a breach by one of the parties.
3. (sports)
a. to disallow
Ronaldo estaba en posición adelantada y el gol fue anulado.Ronaldo was offside and the goal was disallowed.
4. (to exceed)
a. to destroy
Nos anularon porque sus jugadores eran más altos y más rápidos.They destroyed us because all their players were taller and faster.
5. (finance)
a. to cancel
Anulé el cheque, pero el banco lo pagó igual.I canceled the check, but the bank still paid it.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
6. (anatomy)
a. ring finger
Me quebré el anular jugando al básquet.I broke my ring finger playing basketball.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
7. (circular)
a. ring-shaped
Levanté la copa de vino y vi una mancha anular en el mantel.I took my wine glass and saw there was a ring-shaped stain on the tablecloth.
anularse
A reciprocal verb is a verb that indicates that two or more subjects perform an action on each other (e.g. Ellos se abrazan.).
8. (to neutralize)
a. to cancel each other out
Estas dos fuerzas se anulan porque son iguales y van en direcciones opuestas.These two forces cancel each other out because they are equal and acting in opposite directions.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
9. (to become insignificant)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
No te anules ni dejes que tu jefe te humille por un aumento.Don't keep quiet or let your boss humiliate you just so you can get a raise.
Mike se anuló cuando su ex entró a la oficina.When his ex walked into the office, Mike faded into the background.
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