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Quick answer
"Dar a luz" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "to give birth", and "nacer" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to be born". Learn more about the difference between "dar a luz" and "nacer" below.
dar a luz(
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to deliver a child)
a. to give birth
Mi esposa dio a luz a trillizos ayer.My wife gave birth to triplets yesterday.
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An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to come into the world)
a. to be born
Su bebé nacerá muy pronto.Her baby will be born very soon.
b. to hatch (from an egg)
¿Cuántos pollitos han nacido?How many chicks have hatched?
2. (to develop)
a. to sprout
A mi orquídea le ha nacido una hoja nueva.My orchid has sprouted a new leaf.
b. to grow
No se preocupe, le volverá a nacer el pelo.Don't worry, your hair will grow back.
3. (to originate)
a. to rise
El Nilo nace en África central.The Nile rises in central Africa.
b. to have its source
El río nace en esa montaña.The river has its source in that mountain.
c. to start
El camino nace en la aldea.The path starts in the village.
4. (to arise)
a. to grow
De ese encuentro, nació una bonita amistad.From that meeting, a beautiful friendship grew.
5. (astronomy)
a. to rise
¿Por dónde nace el sol?Where does the sun rise?
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